Question: What is daylight saving time? Critically analyse the implementation of day light saving time for India.
Answer: Daylight Saving Time (DST) is the practice of setting the clocks forward one hour from standard time during the summer months, and back again in the winter, in order to make better use of natural daylight. DST is exceedingly used in countries with larger longitudinal area.
Benefits of DST
- Reduce cost of electricity
Since companies make use of naturally available sunlight by forwarding their clock, they use less amount of electricity for lighting equipment such as bulbs, tube light etc. This will translate into more profits over a period of time.
- Increase efficiency of employees
Employee will be able to go to work early and return early especially during months of winter as sun rises and sets early. This is especially applicable in eastern states such as Assam where sunrise takes place at about 5 am and sets by 4 pm.
Drawbacks of DST
- Problems for unified companies
Companies and firms that work on uniform time standard will face problems if time varies in different parts of the country. For example, bank treasury closes at 4 pm everyday but for branches of east India changes have to be made, which will be tedious.
- Sense of alienation
India already faces regionalism problems. By making changes between uniform structure of the country, regional sympathies will be reignited. This will further create rift between different regions of the country.
DST is indeed a issue which can be beneficial if properly implemented. For that to take place, extensive research has to be conducted.
Thus, DST has both beneficial and non beneficial features. There has to be a mechanism for implementing the better features but avoiding the problematic ones.