Question-2: Which countries are the core members of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue? Did the rise of China in the region play a role in its formation?
Answer: The QUAD is an informal multilateral grouping of India, the U.S., Australia, and Japan aimed at cooperation for a free and open Indo Pacific region.
While not stated explicitly by the leaders, a major basis for the grouping is to check China’s growing influence in the region.
Formation of QUAD
- China’s rising economic power undermined the traditional role of the United States of America in the Asia-Pacific region since the early 2000s.
- Then Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who had been promoting the idea of an “arc of prosperity and freedom”, brought the QUAD countries closer together.
- Coming together to foster a free and open Indo Pacific formed the bedrock of cooperation.
Major reasons for formation of QUAD
- China’s aggressive trade pacts and influence in groupings such as RCEP and TPP is capturing trade void left by US.
- Over reliance on China for supply chain could be detrimental to economy, as realized during the pandemic. There is a need for diversification.
- China has been bullying smaller Pacific states by claiming right over oceans of the region. US and the like-minded countries are making all efforts to keep Oceans free.
Thus, QUAD will need to have a clearer vision for itself. It is important for members of the QUAD not to be reactive. It is also important to exhibit openness, and ensure that all talk of a ‘Free and Open Indo-Pacific’ is more than just a mere slogan.
Tags: GS 2 ( International relations)
By- Prashant Tiwari