Governance & Social Justice
- What is Rice Fortification? Can fortified food fight hunger and malnutrition?
- Rise of false rape cases in India need to be dealt strongly says Delhi HC
- Facial Recognition Technology deployed by India at Airports & Railway Stations – Right to Privacy
- How Odisha is transforming itself into one of the most developed states in India? Odisha Case Study
- Tamil Nadu Assembly passes Bill to scrap NEET exam
- Quality of Life for Elderly Index by Institute for Competitiveness
- Tamil Nadu Govt to celebrate Periyar E. V. Ramasamy’s birth anniversary as Social Justice Day
- Economic growth and development journey of Bangladesh and how it has outpaced India on many counts?
- Rise of New Global Economic Superpowers – Why do foreign companies want to exit China?
- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership explained, Should India rethink about joining RCEP?
- Why is the India Bangladesh Border the most complex border in the world?
- United Nations Food Systems Summit 2021 – Will zero hunger become a reality?
- China Afghanistan Relations – What does China want from Afghanistan after Taliban takeover?
- How North Korea makes money? Are Russia and China the main benefactors of Kim Jong Un?
- Canadian PM Justin Trudeau wins 3rd term but without majority – Impact on India Canada Relation
- CSIR Aroma Mission explained – Transforming farmer’s life through S&T
- Production Linked Incentive Scheme for telecom sector – 33 Indian companies to get Rs 12000 crore
- Telecom Sector Big Reforms 100% FDI allowed, 4 year loan moratorium a lifeline for VI?
- India’s first ever Bad Bank announced by Finance Minister – NARCL to acquire Rs 2,00,000crore NPAs
- World Bank suspends Ease of Doing Business report – How China manipulated its data?
- How much gold do Indian temples have? Should India use its temple gold reserve for development?
- WTO Agreement on Agriculture unfair for developing nations
- How Oil Palm Cultivation in Northeast India can affect the water table & biodiversity?
Defence & Security
- How BrahMos Missile and Tejas Fighter Jet exports can be a game changer for Indian economy?
- North Korea restarts Nuclear Weapons Programme says IAEA – Will Taliban acquire Nuclear Weapons?
- Karbi Anglong Peace Accord signed between Centre, Assam Government & 5 insurgent groups
- Siachen Glacier World’s Highest Battleground DECODED – History of India Pakistan Siachen War 1984
- Havana Syndrome attack on CIA officer in India – Know about causes & symptoms
- India’s Military Logistics Agreements with various nations explained
Science & Technology
- Rapid desertification of Northeast India explained
- Biodiversity Act 2002 explained – Why implementation of People’s Biodiversity Registers is crucial?
- How thawing permafrost & melting Arctic ice can trigger another pandemic? Climate Change Impact
- Banni Grassland invaded by Mad Tree Species – Threat for pastoralists?
- What is INDEE+? India Norway partnership to produce environmentally friendly technology
- India’s shrinking greenery – 18% tree species extinct or critically-endangered
- GS 2 || International Relations || International Organizations || UN
Why in news?
In 2021, UN Food Systems Summit to boost ambition, deepen our understanding of the issues we must address, and chart a path to dramatically alter our food systems.
UN Food Systems Summit 2021:
- The Food Systems Summit will be convened by the UN Secretary-General with the goal of maximizing the co-benefits of a food systems strategy across the entire 2030 Agenda and solving climate change problems.
- The Summit will raise global awareness, enhance our understanding of the problems we must tackle, and chart a plan to drastically alter the way we produce, process, and consume food over the next year. Rebuilding the world’s food systems allows us to respond to Secretary-General Ban Ki-challenge moon’s to “build back better” and “leave no one behind.”
- Raise awareness of the importance of food systems to the whole sustainable development agenda, as well as the urgency of changing them, especially in the wake of a worldwide pandemic.
- As a foundation for concerted action, align stakeholders around a common understanding and narrative of a food system framework, making food and food systems a more general problem for advocacy and action to accomplish the 2030 Agenda.
- Recognize the importance of diversity and innovation in the governance and implementation of food systems;
- Develop improved tools, measurement, and analysis to motivate and empower stakeholders who support food system transformation.
- All communities, including governments, cities, enterprises, civil society, individuals, and food producers, must catalyze, accelerate, and expand courageous action for the transformation of food systems.
Zero Hunger Program:
- The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation, and the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council will launch the program (BIRAC).
- The relevant state governments will also be involved in the initiative, which will include the organization of a nutrition-focused farming system, the establishment of genetic gardens for biofortified plants/crops, and the start of a ‘Zero Hunger’ training.
- The program will ensure that appropriate techniques for assessing the impact of interventions are in place. There will be an extensive training program to identify nutritional ailments in each district as well as the relevant agricultural/horticultural and animal husbandry solutions.
- This program will be implemented in addition to the government’s plans to address malnutrition through a variety of other programs as part of its objective to eliminate malnutrition in India by 2022.
Challenges in Combating Zero Hunger:
- Multiculturalism is on the decline: Global hunger challenges are cross-domain but also cross-national in nature, necessitating stronger global cooperation to succeed. However, as the importance of cross-national and global concerns has grown, country states have been less eager to cooperate and collaborate in addressing them.
- Inter-Linked Challenges: Food, energy, and water security are all intertwined challenges with strong feedback loops. Food security may be harmed as a result of increased water and energy security. It will also have a negative influence on public health.
- Climate Change: Climate change is a significant and serious danger to agrobiodiversity, with implications ranging from production to livelihoods across food and farming systems.
- Soil deterioration, quick depletion of the groundwater table, and rapid loss of agro-biodiversity are all consequences of intensified food production systems with excessive use of pesticides and unsustainable farming techniques.
- 100% access to adequate food all year round: Providing nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems, marketing, decent and productive work, a social protection floor, targeted safety nets, and food aid to all people at all times.
- Zero stunted children less than 2 years: Providing universal access to nutritious meals throughout the 1000-day window between conception and a child’s second birthday, backed up with nutrition-sensitive health care.
- All food systems are sustainable:Ensuring that all farmers, agribusinesses, cooperatives, governments, unions and civil society establish standards for sustainability.
- 100% increase in smallholder productivity and income: Encourage respectable labor and increase smallholder income to reduce rural poverty and improve welfare.
- Zero loss or waste of food: Minimizing food losses during storage and transport, and waste of food by retailers and consumers
What can be done to achieve zero hunger?
- Increasing Agricultural Productivity: Agricultural productivity has increased dramatically in recent decades, but more than two billion people throughout the world still lack access to enough nutritious and secure food. As a result, collaboration among global players is required to achieve zero hunger by 2030 (SDG 2).
- Global Cooperation is required: Global solidarity is required to assist all populations, particularly the most vulnerable, in recovering from the crisis and strengthening food systems.
- Clearly, without a bigger commitment from the major countries, feeding the millions of people who are starving due to violence and failed crops would be a challenging task. As a result, a worldwide fund, similar to the UNFCCC’s Green Climate Fund, is required.
- Food System Approach adoption: The Food System Approach is a framework that encompasses all aspects of feeding and nourishing people, from producing, harvesting, and processing through packaging, transporting, marketing, and consuming food. A food system must be able to supply enough nutritious food for everyone without jeopardizing the ability to feed future generations in order to be sustainable.
The 2021 Food Systems Summit, by achieving these goals, will allow us to reflect on our choices and be bold in the outcomes we seek throughout the Decade of Action, putting the globe on a new trajectory within a generation. Governments, the commercial sector, civic society, and local communities all have a role to play in changing our food systems. So that mankind can endure rising volatility and climatic shocks, supply all people with affordable and sustainable healthful diets, and ensure decent livelihoods for food chain workers. As a result, countries must work together to ensure that our food systems feed a growing population while also sustaining the planet.
Mains oriented question:
To achieve zero hunger by 2030, we must be committed to reducing carbon emissions as soon as possible and avoiding the negative effects of catastrophic climatic disasters on agriculture. Discuss. (250 words)