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CSIR Aroma Mission explained – Transforming farmer’s life through S&T

CSIR Aroma Mission explained – Transforming farmer’s life through S&T

Relevance:

  • GS 3 || Economy || Agriculture || Agricultural R&D

Why in news?

On the eve of India’s 75th Independence Day, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) organised a Special Webinar on CSIR’s Aroma Mission.

Key highlights of the Webinar:

  • Interaction with farmers and entrepreneurs
  • Discussion on the gain from the CSIR Aroma Mission
    • Income level of farmers
    • Generated employment
  • Achievements of Aroma Mission
  • Lavender Cultivation in J&K
    • Purple Revolution
    • Socio-economic impact of the Aroma Mission.

Aroma Mission:

Aroma Mission was established in 2016 to promote the growth of fragrant therapeutic plants such as lavender using innovative technologies created by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

About the CSIR Aroma Mission:

  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has made major contributions to the country’s essential oil-based scent industry’s growth, nurturing, and positioning.
  • As a result, an ecosystem has developed that benefits the industry, farmers, and next-generation entrepreneurs.
  • The CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow, is the nodal laboratory.
  • The CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (CSIR-IHBT) in Palampur, the CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR-IIIM) in Jammu, the CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute (CSIR-NBRI) in Lucknow, and the CSIR-North-East Institute of Science and Technology (CSIR-NEIST) in Jorhat are among the participating laboratories.
  • The CSIR Fragrance Mission aims to bring about transformational change in the aroma sector via targeted interventions in agricultural, processing, and product development, therefore boosting the aroma industry’s growth and rural employment.

Aim of the Mission:

  • Add roughly 5500 hectares to the captive cultivation of aromatic income crops, with a focus on rain-fed and degraded land across the country.
  • Assist farmers and producers across the nation with technical and infrastructure support for distillation and value addition.
  • Enabling efficient buy-back procedures to ensure that farmers/growers receive fair pricing.
  • Adding value to essential oils and fragrance components in order to integrate them into global trade and commerce.
  • The mission’s scientific interventions will help growers in Vidarbha, Bundelkhand, Gujarat, Marathwada, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, and other states where farmers are subjected to repeated bouts of weather extremes and account for the highest number of suicides. Lavender, damask rose, mushkbala, and other aromatic plants.

The objectives of the Mission have been divided into eight verticals:

  • Research and development of better varieties and agro-technologies, as well as evaluation of their appropriateness for certain agro-climatic zones.
  • Increasing the area under chosen aromatic crops, as well as permitting interventions such as the establishment of distillation facilities and accelerating the establishment of cooperatives for the selling of the output.
  • Aromatic crop value addition
  • Skill development activities
  • Intellectual property generation, appraisal, and management
  • Entrepreneurship/Spin-offs
  • Business development

Benefits:

  • It would encourage the growing of aromatic crops for the production of essential oils, which are in high demand in the fragrance business.
  • It is anticipated that it would enable Indian farmers and the aroma business to become world leaders in the production and export of menthol mint-like essential oils.
  • It is projected to bring significant benefits to farmers in terms of increased income, waste land utilization, and crop protection from wild and grazing animals.

Achievements:

  • The CSIR has made major contributions to the country’s essential oil-based scent industry’s growth, nurturing, and positioning.
  • As a result, an ecosystem has developed that benefits the industry, farmers, and next-generation entrepreneurs.
  • It has increased rural farmer employment, sparked entrepreneurship in the production of aromatic oils and other aromatic goods, and reduced imports of essential and aromatic oils.
  • During the previous two years, the Mission has created 10 to 12 lakh man-days of rural employment and produced more than 500 tonnes of essential oil worth Rs.60 crores.
  • Important medicinal and aromatic plants are being cultivated on 6,000 hectares of land as part of the CSIR’s Aroma Mission.

Purple Revolution (Under Aroma Mission):

  • Around 500 farmers in Doda communities saw their revenues triple after switching from maize to lavender.
  • In 2016, the Centre established the Aroma Mission to promote the growth of fragrant therapeutic plants like lavender.
  • The Aroma Mission is overseen by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu (IIIM Jammu).

Lavender:

  • Lavender (Lavandulaspica), a Mediterranean native, is a fragrant and herbal plant. The plant’s fragrant and lovely blossoms come in a range of hues, including violet, blue, pink, mauve, and white, and may make a lovely addition to your garden décor.
  • The plant is perennial and grows best in a dry, sunny area. It is typically grown in areas with low rainfall.
  • The soil in which these plants are grown must be well-draining and high in calcium carbonate.

Lavender producing States:

  • Large-scale lavender production is currently restricted to J&K, although governments in Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand are pushing farmers to grow lavender as well.
  • Plant farming on a small scale is already taking place in several states.

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research:

  • CSIR is an autonomous body and the largest research and development (R&D) organization in India.
  • Established in 1942.
  • It is mainly funded by Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • It is an autonomous body registered under Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • Chairman: Prime Minister of India.

Mains oriented question:

The earnings of people in Jammu’s Doda region doubled after they switched from maize to lavender farming, dubbed the “purple revolution.” It was made possible through actions taken as part of the Aroma Mission. In this context write about Aroma mission and its objectives? (200 words)