Governance & Social Justice
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Science & Technology
- GS 3 || Economy || Structure of the Indian Economy || National Income & its measures
Cricket in India:
- The history of cricket was connected to the social history of the time. It shows the evolution of cricket as a game in England and discuss the wider culture of physical training and athleticism of the time. It will then move to the history of the adoption of cricket in our country.
- Given the strength of the Indian economy and the young demographics of the country, India is a popular destination for major athletic events, the most popular of which is cricket. Sporting success is frequently connected with national pride, but systemic flaws such as corruption, nepotism, and spot fixing have tarnished that image.
- In the recent past, it has been seriously harmed. As a result, there has been a heated debate about whether government is good or bad.
- Intervention is required to put things in their proper position.
- The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) governs cricket in India at the national level an independent organization State Cricket Associations exist at the state level.
ICC and cricket board:
- Following an internal finding that India generated up to 80% of ICC revenue, the body approved a plan supported by India, England, and Australia to redistribute ICC revenue with greater weight to those who generate it, rather than the equal shares for all full members that had been the ICC tradition.
- According to Mint, an Indian business newspaper, the shift means India will earn roughly 22% of ICC revenue instead of the three to four percent it received previously.
- As a result, India has risen to prominence as the undisputed global cricket giant, dominating international trade, driving international decision-making, and reshaping international institutions to reflect Indian objectives. In a sporting world long dominated by former colonial power England, India today sets the agenda, with England relegated to a supporting but not decisive position.
The Indian economy is booming:
- Cricket has an impact on the Indian economy. The BCCI (Board of Cricket Council of India) is one of the world’s wealthiest cricket councils.
- It aids India’s economic development. Cricketers are paid a lot of money by the BCCI. The government of IPl makes a lot of money.
- Only the cricket is responsible for this. Sporting networks, advertisers, and the BCCI all received large sums of money.
- Cricket’s popularity in India simply means that it can be readily converted into money. There are numerous ways for Indians to make money or supplement their income with this activity.
- They could be cricketers themselves or gamble on their favorite teams or individuals on Indian betting platforms.
- Cricketers in India are generously compensated. They live a more affluent lifestyle and can purchase many things that other sports athletes cannot.
- This is why most people who are thinking about making a career out of a sport chose cricket.
India’s Sports Progression:
- At international competitions, the country won more medals. At the Tokyo Olympics 2020, India won 7 medals (1 gold, 2 silver, and 4 bronze). In a number of sporting events, the country was considered a medal contender.
- It’s a significant improvement over the previous three decades, when the country struggled to compete on a global scale.
- It should also be noted that government backing for the sport has risen in recent years. In order to promote the sports sector in India, the government has initiated a number of programs.
- Involvement of the private sector in the sport has expanded. Furthermore, the advent of private academies active in sport development at various levels is assisting in the strengthening of the facilities available to our athletes.
- Corporations have stepped forward to sponsor potential athletes, demonstrating a level of dedication that was previously lacking.
Enhancing the Sports Sector’s Benefits:
- Alternative careers: Sport becomes a powerful mobility mechanism for those who have little possibilities and occupations. A powerful sports industry encourages students with ordinary or poor academic performance to choose a career in athletics.
- Advantages to one’s health: Sports encourage one to keep his or her body in top shape in order to win an event. The existence of a sports culture, in turn, encourages the general public to embrace a healthy lifestyle in the same way that athletes do.
- Youth energy channeling: India has a relatively young population and is on its way to becoming the world’s youngest country. In such a situation, a strong sports industry can assist in reaping the benefits.
- Taking on a variety of cultural issues: Many women use athletics as a way to escape the restrictions of a highly regulated lifestyle. They utilize it to demonstrate their worth and combat patriarchal attitudes. The continued success of athletes such as Mary Kom, Saina Nehwal, and others has aided in the reduction of child marriage and son Meta preference issues.
- Revenue generation: India would be able to host a bigger number of international events if it develops a strong sports infrastructure. This type of hosting improves tourism in the country, which boosts revenue and employment in the region.
Issues with Sports Sector
- Funding: The Indian government spends far less on international athletic events than China, the United States, and other countries that perform better. This encourages athletes to spend their own money on high-quality equipment, training, and travel, putting disadvantaged people at a significant disadvantage.
- Deficiency in Resources: There is a severe shortage of high-quality sporting facilities throughout the country. In urban areas, the government has built some excellent stadiums, while rural areas are in desperate need.
- Attitudinal Barriers: In our country, sports is not regarded as a viable professional option. Parents encourage their children to pursue careers in medicine and engineering rather than sports.
- High-Performance Pressure: A sportsperson is put under a lot of pressure to succeed or else risk living a vulnerable existence. This can cause individuals to experience extreme mental tension or lead them to use immoral methods such as doping. For example, due to a doping issue, Indian wrestler NarsinghYadav was unable to compete in the 2016 Rio Olympics.
- Religious Barriers: Several sports, such as swimming and athletics, require women to wear clothing that does not totally cover their bodies, which is prohibited by some religions.
- Lack of Sports Culture: India lacks a sports culture in which people are excited about watching and promoting sports. Cricket, on the other hand, attracts a lot of investment and pays the cricketers a lot of money because of its popularity.
Steps taken for the sports sector
- The National Centre of Sports Sciences and Research (NCSSR): Its goal is to encourage high-level research, education, and innovation in the field of elite athlete performance. The program is divided into two parts: the first is to establish the NCSSR, and the second is to fund the establishment of Sports Sciences Departments at six universities and Sports Medicine Departments in six medical colleges.
- Khelo India: It is a nationwide initiative aimed at developing grassroots talent by giving them with a national platform.
- The Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS) strives to discover, groom, and prepare potential Olympic and Paralympic medalists. Athletes and sportspeople will receive individualized instruction from top coaches at sophisticated and well-equipped sports facilities and institutions under this program. In 2020, the government created Junior TOPS, a similar program aimed at producing Olympic winners in 2028 and aimed at youngsters aged 10 to 12.
- The National Sports Development Fund (NSDF) was formed in November 1998 under the Charitable Endowments Act of 1890 to promote sports and games throughout the country.
Suggestions for enhancing sports:
- The government should expand funding for other sports and guarantee that monies are distributed fairly among genders and regions.
- It must provide more jobs and remuneration to deserving players in order to encourage them to pursue sports as a vocation.
- Furthermore, in order to eliminate nepotism in the selection of candidates, transparency must be introduced into the association’s selection system for office bearers.
- Parents and educational institutions must encourage pupils to achieve not just in academics but also in sports. This necessitates an increase in the Sports quota in universities, as well as the establishment of more universities. With the help of NGOs and civil society organizations, parents might be persuaded to enroll their children in sports. Bridges of Sports, for example, is encouraging the Siddi community in coastal Karnataka to enroll their children in sports and providing the necessary support.
The government must recognize that Indian athletes compete against the circumstances rather than their sporting opponents. They should be given a nurturing atmosphere in which to grow in order to make the dream of “Sports for All” a reality.
Mains oriented question:
Cricket is spreading in India and has been contributing in ICC as one of the biggest stakeholder, what are the main reason of cricket being so loved in India, but such attraction for other sports are hardly seen what can be probable reason for this, should sports federation focus on this? (250 words)