Art & Culture
- Right to access internet is fundamental right declares Kerala High Court
- Legal rights of Deities in India, Difference in Natural and Juristic Person
- Bru refugees refuse to return to Mizoram
- No animal sacrifice in Tripura temple-Orders High Court
- EC’s Order on Reducing Sikkim CM’s Disqualification Period
- Law Ministry issues corrigendum to Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act
- Appointment of the Judges in India.
- New Chief Justice of India- How is CJI appointed?
- Indian Penal Code 1860, HM Amit Shah wants to Overhaul IPC
- National Population Register (NPR) 2020
- Whistle Blowers Allegations on Infosys
Governance & Social Justice
- 60% girls in Delhi colleges anaemic
- Niti aayog’s School education quality index
- Multipurpose National Identity Card
- Population pyramid : India Vs China, Demographic dividend Phase of India
- UN Population Report, India will become the most populous country by 2027
- Supreme Court upholds SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendments Act
- Comparing Population Pyramids of India and China
- Waqf boards-Their governance and purpose
- Harvard Admissions Case
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana- Ist Anniversary, Problems and solutions
- Significance of sexual and Reproductive Health-Status of reproductive services in India
- Pregnancy in Old Age, What is In Vitro Fertilisation-Risks and legal shortcomings
- Supreme Court Judgement on NGOs and RTI
- Social Stock Exchange
- Rajasthan Govt changes EWS norms, Sets Rs 8 lakh family income as only criteria
- Global hunger index 2019
- No Government job for those with more than two kids
- Ranitidine CANCER risk
- IIT Council Introduces Tenure track system
- Bangladesh growing faster than India ?
- Cyprus dispute explained
- Donald Trump impeachment
- India wins Hyderabad Nizam case against Pakistan
- India’s reply to Pakistan at UNGA
- Prime Minister of Malaysia calls India and invader in Kashmir
- Should India recognise the armenian genocide ?
- Why are CARICOM countries important for India ?
- Why are countries leaving OPEC ?
- Attacks on Saudi Oil facilities
- Organization of Islamic Cooperation issues statement on Jammu and Kashmir
- Sri Lanka’s relations with India & China
- US troops start pullout in Syria as Turkey prepares for operation
- What are Vanilla Islands?
- India-USA trade deal
- UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award-2019
- Modi – Xi Informal meet at Mamallapuram – Historic Chinese links
- India China informal summit in Tamil nadu
- Pakistan save from FATF blacklist till 2020
- USA blacklists China organisations over Uighur Muslim abuse
- Why is Chile burning ?
- Why is the Philippines important for India
- Xi jinping Nepal visit 2019 and impact on India
- India Pakistan Cross LOC Trade suspended, Should India revoke suspension?
- Protests in Lebanon
- Chennai to Vladivostok Sea Route
- End of baghdadi
- Indian government’s security advisory
- Indians no longer require Visa to visit Brazil
- Non Aligned Movement 2019 summit
- US backed Ceasefire between Turkey and Kurds
- Pakistan stops postal exchange with India
- China’s GDP growth slows to 6% slowest in 27 years
- Common Goods for Health project by WHO
- Turkey attack Kurds in Syria
- Behavioural Aspect of Farmer Suicide
- Is rural India really open defecation free ?
- Global Growth Slow Down
- Nobel Prize in Economics 2019
- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
- SBI wrote off bad loans worth 76,000 crores
- Surge in Onion Price
- Agriculture Credit by RBI’s Internal Working Group
- What is Debt to GDP Ratio?
- Yes Bank Crisis
- Nobel prize in Literature – Controversy
- Boosting Indian Exports
- Sopore Fruit Mandi deserted
- What is Pink Collarisation?
- Mizoram to have Broad Gauge railway line by 2021
- Demand downturn in Indian Economy
- Payment facilitation fund
- Participatory Guarantee Scheme
- RBI’s 4th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy 2019-20
- Tourism restrictions lifted in Kashmir
- Link between Jobs, Farming, and Climate
- Draft Social Security Code 2019
- State Tax Revenues, SGST and Central Tax Devolution are likely to fall short
- Competitiveness Index 2019 by World Economic Forum
- NITI Aayog’s Water Resources Strategy
- BSNL and MTNL financial issues-DoT prepares Rs 74000 crore revival plan
- 20th Livestock Census
- India falls 10 ranks in World economic forum’s Global competitiveness index
- RBI stops Printing Rs 2000 Notes
- What is the Unified Approach proposal of OECD?
- FCI granaries overflowing
- India’s Economic Growth 2019
- Financial Sector Scams in India
- Labour Market of India
- New Strategic Disinvestment Process
- Payment Delays to Sugarcane Farmers
- Why India’s IMF Quota is not increased
- What is monetary policy Transmission? Why banks are not reducing interest
- Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of Economics
- India moves up 14 spots to 63 on world Bank ease of doing business index
- New amendments to the Motor Vehicles Act
- Power Sector Scenario in India
- Telecos to Pay Rs 96,642 crore to the Government
- Camel population declines in Rajasthan
- Merger of BSNL and MTNL
- World bank on Indian economy
Defence & Security
- Nagas Kukis Conflict, What is the cause of the latest tensions?
- Case against 50 Celebrities controversy
- Can Indian Government intercept WhatsApp?
- UP Government fires 25000 home guards, Is Yogi Government’s decision justified?
- NCRB’s Crime in India 2017 report
- Aadhaar Social Media mandatory linking case
- What is TechSagar? National repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities.
Science & Technology
- ISRO’S Project NETRA
- Facebook’s LIBRA Currency in trouble
- WHO launches first World report on Vision
- 2019 Nobel prize in physics
- 2019 Nobel prize in Physiology and Medicine
- Elon musk’s starlink project
- NASA’s ICON mission
- New King of the Moons in the Solar system is Saturn
- What Is Spectroscopy ?
- Quantum supremacy
- Climate Vulnerable Mapping Of India
- C40 Cities
- Gujarat Unveils emission trading scheme
- Forest Plus 2.0
- Himalayan States seeks Green Bonus
- India to Phase Out Single Use Plastic (SUP) by 2022
- Role of Volcanoes in Global Warming
- NH 766 ban controversy, Protests in Kerala against night traffic ban on the forest stretch
- Climate Change needs Global Solution
- Aarey Forest -2185 trees to be cut for Mumbai metro
- Government to build 1400 km long Green wall
- Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi
- Aerosol formation brightening clouds
- Anthrax outbreak in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Two affected buffaloes died
- Species in News from June to October 2019
- Climate Action Summit 2019
Tag: GS 3 || Economy || Structure of the Indian Economy || Labour & Unemployment
What are these coloured collar jobs?
- The terms “blue-collar” and “white collar” was coined in the early 20th century by Upton Sinclair.
- These terms are occupational classifications that distinguish workers who perform manual labor from workers who perform professional jobs.
- This term was first used in 1924. The working class, who performs manual labor and earns an hourly wage. It originates from the popularity that blue color enjoys among manual-laborers.
- Some of the most common industries that employ these individuals include warehousing, oil fields, firefighting, construction, manufacturing, sanitation, custodial work and technical installations like (miners, masons, bricklayers, welders).
- At the time, most manual workers, especially in industry, wore blue denim or chambray shirts. Blue or navy blue is better at concealing dirt or grease.
- The term “white-collar worker” was coined in the 1930s by Upton Sinclair; it is a salaried professional, typically referring to general office workers and management.
- It originates from the color of dress shirts worn by professional and clerical workers.
- White-collars workers typically perform job their duties at a desk with computers, telephones, and other electronic devices.
- We use the term white-collar for a wide spectrum of office-type jobs. A junior clerk does white-collar work, and so does a highly-skilled professional. for example, Architects, lawyers, and accountants do white-collar work.
Other collar jobs:
- Unlike white and blue collars the other categories are not derived from the workers wearing any particular color of shirts.
- Black collar workers: it is used to refer to workers in the mining or the oil industry. Sometimes, it is also used to refer to people who are employed in black marketing activities.
- Gold collar workers: It is a newly formed phrase that has been used to describe either young, low-wage workers who invest in conspicuous luxury (often with parental support). It is also used to refer to highly-skilled knowledge people who are highly valuable to the company. Example: Lawyers, doctors, research scientists,
- Green collar workers: it is a worker who is employed in the environmental sectors of the economy. Example: People working in alternate energy sources like solar panels, Greenpeace, World Wide Fund for nature, etc
- Gary collar workers: it refers to the balance of employed people not classified as white or blue-collar. Although grey-collar is something used to describe those who work beyond the age of retirement. Example: Firefighters, police officers, health care professionals, Security Guards, etc.
- Open collar workers: the worker who works from home, especially via the internet.
- Today blue-collar has evolved.
- Blue-collar workers are the key driving force for future development. In many industries such as construction, manufacturing, oil and gas, agriculture, transportation, and warehousing.
Pink collar workers:
- It is employed in a job that is traditionally considered to be women’s work and is often low-paid.
- The term “pink-collar” was popularized in the late 1970s.
- The workers who perform jobs in the service industry example: nurses, secretaries, and elementary school teachers. This may include jobs in the beauty industry and childcare.
- While these jobs may also be filled by men, they are typically female-dominated and may pay significantly less than white-collar or blue-collar jobs.
- This means that the least technical jobs (pink-collar) jobs are associated with women.
- These machines designed by men, using the technology they have always monopolized, are now displacing them and forcing them into feminized pink-collar work.
- It was found as well that men going into traditionally claimed pink-collar jobs are felt discriminated and threatened in their jobs. Men going into positions such as teaching, nursing and childcare faced many negative stereotypes in these lines of work, as men have traditionally been viewed as stern, strong and holding dominant attitudes
- it is expected that a woman with the same position would be more nurturing, caring and well suited for the work.
- For e.g: Marketing Coordinator , marketing assistant, Hairstylist,
- Pink collarisation is the clustering of women in a few occupations like air hostess, receptionist,telecallers, nursing- typically pink collars jobs.
- The low percentage of women in blue, white, and other colored jobs leads to less diversity in the economy.
Reasons for pink collarisation:
- Attaching beauty with females
- Lack of Government efforts towards women in the past.
- Relationship of women in her household i.e., patriarchal society.
- Discrimination in hiring bluw and white-collar jobs and STEM(science, technology, engineering, and mathematics).
- Glass Ceiling Effect: Clustering in low-status occupations or in the lower rings of the prestigious profession.
- Women receive lower salaries than men.
- A high proportion of highly educated and professionally trained unemployed women.
- Not allowing a girl child to go to school
- Lessor no freedom in some cases to opt for the profession
- Restrictions on moving to different places for higher studies and jobs.
Current status of women in jobs:
- Irrespective of employment category (casual and regular/salaried), organized or unorganized sector and location (urban and rural), women workers in India are paid a lower wage rate, says a report by Oxfam, an international non-profit organization.
- The gender pay gap was 34 percent in India, that is, women get 34 percent less compared to men for performing the same job with same qualifications, says the report, which based its estimates on employment unemployment survey (EUS) 2011-12, done by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), International Labour Organization (ILO) studies.
USA data jobs:
Government efforts in diversifying women’s jobs:
- Government’s program for:
- skills development,
- subsidized loans for businesses led by women, and
- recent legislation doubling maternity leave, and
- requiring childcare facilities in companies that employ more than 50 people.
- If implemented and respected, these policies could remove some of the barriers women face and offer a significant boost to India’s economy.
- Success will hinge on collaboration between stakeholders, ranging from government ministries, to education providers, to the public sector and especially private sector employers down to the actions of each of us.
- Indian women themselves will have to play a key role in claiming a space for themselves in India’s workforce.
- All stakeholders have to take the pledge together today to increase women’s participation in the workforce and realize a higher level of growth and development for India that is more inclusive and sustainable.