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Should India recognise the armenian genocide ?

Should India recognise the armenian genocide ?

Tag:GS2 || International Relations || India & Rest of the World || Europe

What is a Genocide?

  • Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
  • The term has been coined and applied to the Holocaust, the Armenian Genocide and many other mass killings including the genocide of indigenous peoples in the Americas, the Greek genocide, the Assyrian genocide, the Serbian genocide.

About Armenian genocide :

  • The Armenian Genocide, also known as the Armenian Holocaust, was the Ottoman government’s systematic extermination of 700,000 to 1.5 million Armenians, mostly citizens of the Ottoman Empire.
  • The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day that Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested, and deported from Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the region of Angora (Ankara), 235 to 270 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders, the majority of whom were eventually murdered.
  • The genocide was carried out during and after World War I and implemented in two phases—the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and subjection of army conscripts to forced labour, followed by the deportation of women, children, the elderly, and the infirm on death marches leading to the Syrian Desert.
  • Driven forward by military escorts, the deportees were deprived of food and water and subjected to periodic robbery, rape, and massacre.
  • Most Armenian diaspora communities around the world came into being as a direct result of the genocide.

 Why The Genocide Happened?

  • There were suspensions within Ottoman empire whether the Armenian Christians would support the empire or the “outside” forces.

Armenian Genocide Recognition :

  • Armenian Genocide denial is the act of denying the planned systematic genocide of 1.5 million Armenians during World War I, conducted by the Ottoman government.
  • Turkey similarly denies the genocides perpetrated against indigenous Assyrians and Greeks during the same period. As a form of denialism, it can be compared to similar negationist historical revisionisms such as Holocaust denial and Nanking Massacre denial.
  • Armenian Genocide recognition is the formal acceptance that the systematic massacres and forced deportation of Armenians committed by the Ottoman Empire from 1915 to 1923 constituted genocide.
  • The governments of Turkey and its close ally Azerbaijan are the only ones that directly deny the historical factuality of the Armenian Genocide, and both are adamantly opposed to the recognition of the genocide by other nations, threatening economic and diplomatic consequences to recognizers.

The 1985 Un Genocide Report, The “whitaker report” :

  • In 2015, Pope Francis said that the Armenian Genocide was “considered the first genocide of the 20th century”.
  • Turkey responded by accusing the Pope of having a “crusader mentality” against the country. The Vatican strongly denied this, claiming that the Pope had actually called for reconciliation between Armenians and Turks.

India and Pakistan’s relation with Armenia :

  • Pakistan’s relations with Armenia are poor and Pakistan is the only country that does not recognize Armenia as a state.
  • Internationally, since the 1970s Pakistan has supported Turkey’s policy of denying the Armenian genocide happened.
  • Because of the perceived pro-Azerbaijan and pro-Turkey policies by Pakistan, Armenia has developed friendly relations with India, and supports the Indian position on the Kashmir conflict.