Art & Culture
- Right to access internet is fundamental right declares Kerala High Court
- Legal rights of Deities in India, Difference in Natural and Juristic Person
- Bru refugees refuse to return to Mizoram
- No animal sacrifice in Tripura temple-Orders High Court
- EC’s Order on Reducing Sikkim CM’s Disqualification Period
- Law Ministry issues corrigendum to Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act
- Appointment of the Judges in India.
- New Chief Justice of India- How is CJI appointed?
- Indian Penal Code 1860, HM Amit Shah wants to Overhaul IPC
- National Population Register (NPR) 2020
- Whistle Blowers Allegations on Infosys
Governance & Social Justice
- 60% girls in Delhi colleges anaemic
- Niti aayog’s School education quality index
- Multipurpose National Identity Card
- Population pyramid : India Vs China, Demographic dividend Phase of India
- UN Population Report, India will become the most populous country by 2027
- Supreme Court upholds SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendments Act
- Comparing Population Pyramids of India and China
- Waqf boards-Their governance and purpose
- Harvard Admissions Case
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana- Ist Anniversary, Problems and solutions
- Significance of sexual and Reproductive Health-Status of reproductive services in India
- Pregnancy in Old Age, What is In Vitro Fertilisation-Risks and legal shortcomings
- Supreme Court Judgement on NGOs and RTI
- Social Stock Exchange
- Rajasthan Govt changes EWS norms, Sets Rs 8 lakh family income as only criteria
- Global hunger index 2019
- No Government job for those with more than two kids
- Ranitidine CANCER risk
- IIT Council Introduces Tenure track system
- Bangladesh growing faster than India ?
- Cyprus dispute explained
- Donald Trump impeachment
- India wins Hyderabad Nizam case against Pakistan
- India’s reply to Pakistan at UNGA
- Prime Minister of Malaysia calls India and invader in Kashmir
- Should India recognise the armenian genocide ?
- Why are CARICOM countries important for India ?
- Why are countries leaving OPEC ?
- Attacks on Saudi Oil facilities
- Organization of Islamic Cooperation issues statement on Jammu and Kashmir
- Sri Lanka’s relations with India & China
- US troops start pullout in Syria as Turkey prepares for operation
- What are Vanilla Islands?
- India-USA trade deal
- UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award-2019
- Modi – Xi Informal meet at Mamallapuram – Historic Chinese links
- India China informal summit in Tamil nadu
- Pakistan save from FATF blacklist till 2020
- USA blacklists China organisations over Uighur Muslim abuse
- Why is Chile burning ?
- Why is the Philippines important for India
- Xi jinping Nepal visit 2019 and impact on India
- India Pakistan Cross LOC Trade suspended, Should India revoke suspension?
- Protests in Lebanon
- Chennai to Vladivostok Sea Route
- End of baghdadi
- Indian government’s security advisory
- Indians no longer require Visa to visit Brazil
- Non Aligned Movement 2019 summit
- US backed Ceasefire between Turkey and Kurds
- Pakistan stops postal exchange with India
- China’s GDP growth slows to 6% slowest in 27 years
- Common Goods for Health project by WHO
- Turkey attack Kurds in Syria
- Behavioural Aspect of Farmer Suicide
- Is rural India really open defecation free ?
- Global Growth Slow Down
- Nobel Prize in Economics 2019
- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
- SBI wrote off bad loans worth 76,000 crores
- Surge in Onion Price
- Agriculture Credit by RBI’s Internal Working Group
- What is Debt to GDP Ratio?
- Yes Bank Crisis
- Nobel prize in Literature – Controversy
- Boosting Indian Exports
- Sopore Fruit Mandi deserted
- What is Pink Collarisation?
- Mizoram to have Broad Gauge railway line by 2021
- Demand downturn in Indian Economy
- Payment facilitation fund
- Participatory Guarantee Scheme
- RBI’s 4th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy 2019-20
- Tourism restrictions lifted in Kashmir
- Link between Jobs, Farming, and Climate
- Draft Social Security Code 2019
- State Tax Revenues, SGST and Central Tax Devolution are likely to fall short
- Competitiveness Index 2019 by World Economic Forum
- NITI Aayog’s Water Resources Strategy
- BSNL and MTNL financial issues-DoT prepares Rs 74000 crore revival plan
- 20th Livestock Census
- India falls 10 ranks in World economic forum’s Global competitiveness index
- RBI stops Printing Rs 2000 Notes
- What is the Unified Approach proposal of OECD?
- FCI granaries overflowing
- India’s Economic Growth 2019
- Financial Sector Scams in India
- Labour Market of India
- New Strategic Disinvestment Process
- Payment Delays to Sugarcane Farmers
- Why India’s IMF Quota is not increased
- What is monetary policy Transmission? Why banks are not reducing interest
- Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of Economics
- India moves up 14 spots to 63 on world Bank ease of doing business index
- New amendments to the Motor Vehicles Act
- Power Sector Scenario in India
- Telecos to Pay Rs 96,642 crore to the Government
- Camel population declines in Rajasthan
- Merger of BSNL and MTNL
- World bank on Indian economy
Defence & Security
- Nagas Kukis Conflict, What is the cause of the latest tensions?
- Case against 50 Celebrities controversy
- Can Indian Government intercept WhatsApp?
- UP Government fires 25000 home guards, Is Yogi Government’s decision justified?
- NCRB’s Crime in India 2017 report
- Aadhaar Social Media mandatory linking case
- What is TechSagar? National repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities.
Science & Technology
- ISRO’S Project NETRA
- Facebook’s LIBRA Currency in trouble
- WHO launches first World report on Vision
- 2019 Nobel prize in physics
- 2019 Nobel prize in Physiology and Medicine
- Elon musk’s starlink project
- NASA’s ICON mission
- New King of the Moons in the Solar system is Saturn
- What Is Spectroscopy ?
- Quantum supremacy
- Climate Vulnerable Mapping Of India
- C40 Cities
- Gujarat Unveils emission trading scheme
- Forest Plus 2.0
- Himalayan States seeks Green Bonus
- India to Phase Out Single Use Plastic (SUP) by 2022
- Role of Volcanoes in Global Warming
- NH 766 ban controversy, Protests in Kerala against night traffic ban on the forest stretch
- Climate Change needs Global Solution
- Aarey Forest -2185 trees to be cut for Mumbai metro
- Government to build 1400 km long Green wall
- Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi
- Aerosol formation brightening clouds
- Anthrax outbreak in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Two affected buffaloes died
- Species in News from June to October 2019
- Climate Action Summit 2019
Tag:GS 3||Disaster Management||Disaster Management||Preparedness & Response
What is the issue?
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi had announced the launch of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI).
- This happened at the UN Secretary General’s Climate Action Summit in New York recently.
What it proposes to do?
- CDRI should be seen as an international platform for awareness.
- Countries should work together here to improve their existing and new infrastructure to withstand natural disasters.
- India has had at least three years of discussions on this subject with more than 40 countries.
- Protect Infrastructure: This seeks to bring together countries to communicate and learn from each other’s experiences in order to protect their infrastructure from disasters.
- The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is operating as the interim secretariat of CDRI as of now.
What is the need for infrastructure protection?
- Human casualties: Over the years, many countries, including India, have developed robust disaster management practices that have dramatically reduced disaster-related human casualties.
- Economic costs: The economic costs of a disaster, however, remain enormous, mainly because of the damage caused by large infrastructure.
- World Bank estimates
- An estimate from the World Bank–Cyclone Fani, which hit Odisha on May 2019, caused $4 billion in damage.
- Report from the Kerala Government–Losses in the 2018 Kerala flood could reach $4.4 billion.
- 10 climate change disasters occurred in the United States in 2019, with losses in excess of $1 billion.
What could be done to protect infrastructure?
- Many developing countries are still building their basic infrastructure and many developed ones are in the process of replacing old infrastructure.
- Future infrastructure should take into account the risks arising out of the increased frequency and intensity of adverse impacts of climate change.
- Existing infrastructure would need to be retrofitted to make them more resilient.
- Disaster-proofing a project would involve changes in design, and the use of newer technologies.
- These involve additional costs which are only a fraction of the losses that a disaster can bring.
What is the need for an international forum?
- Disaster preparedness and infrastructure creation are largely national endeavors.
- However, modern infrastructure is also a web of networked systems, not always confined to national boundaries.
- Damage to any one node can have cascading impacts on the entire network.
- This will result in the loss of livelihoods and disrupts the economic activity in places far away from the site of a disaster.
- To make entire networks resilient is the main thought behind CDRI.
- The platform is not meant to plan or execute infrastructure projects nor finance infrastructure projects.
What will CDRI do?
- It will seek to identify and promote best practices, provide access to capacity building.
- It will work towards the standardization of designs, processes, and regulations relating to infrastructure creation and management.
- It may identify and estimate the risks to, and from, large infrastructure in the event of different kinds of disasters in member countries.
- It may have countries, organizations like UN bodies, financial institutions, and other groups working on disaster management as its members.
- It seeks to help member countries integrate disaster management policies in all their activities.
- It will also help them in setting up institutions and regulatory provisions to ensure the creation of resilient infrastructure and identify and use affordable finance and technology.
Is there any connection between CDRI and BRI?
- CDRI is seen as India’s response to the Belt Road Initiative (BRI), China’s ongoing program to recreate the ancient Silk Route trading links.
- China is building massive new land and maritime infrastructure in several countries.
- India and some other nations view this as an attempt by China to use its economic and military heft to usurp strategic assets in other countries.
- Unlike BRI, CDRI is not an attempt by India to create or fund infrastructure projects in other countries.
- Having said that, international initiatives like these are not without any strategic or diplomatic objectives.
Is there any connection between CDRI and ISA?
- ISA is a treaty-based organization that aims at a collective effort to promote the deployment of solar energy across the world.
- Its objective is to mobilize more than $1 trillion into solar power by 2030 and to deploy over 1,000 GW of solar generation capacity in member countries by that time.
- India hosts ISA, with its headquarters in Gurgaon.
- The CDRI secretariat too would be based in New Delhi.
- While it is not envisioned to take the shape of a treaty-based organization, CDRI can be seen as complementing ISA’s efforts.
- ISA is about climate change mitigation – deployment of more solar energy would bring down the reliance on fossil fuels, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- While CDRI, on the other hand, is about adapting to climate change, a need that is inevitable.
- With these two initiatives, India is seeking to obtain a leadership role, globally, in matters related to climate change.
- CDRI is more than just a climate change initiative.
- It does not matter whether the infrastructure is a risk from climate-induced disasters or those taking place due to geophysical reasons, like earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides or tsunamis.
- The infrastructure needs to be strengthened to cope with all these.
- The world must agree that, in order to overcome a serious challenge such as climate change, more needs to be put into motion than what is being done. A comprehensive approach that covers everything from education to beliefs, from lifestyle to philosophy of development, a global movement of people to bring about behavioral change is a must to mitigate climate change.
Mains model question
- The frequency of urban floods due to high-intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Discussing the reasons for urban floods, highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.