Art & Culture
- Right to access internet is fundamental right declares Kerala High Court
- Legal rights of Deities in India, Difference in Natural and Juristic Person
- Bru refugees refuse to return to Mizoram
- No animal sacrifice in Tripura temple-Orders High Court
- EC’s Order on Reducing Sikkim CM’s Disqualification Period
- Law Ministry issues corrigendum to Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act
- Appointment of the Judges in India.
- New Chief Justice of India- How is CJI appointed?
- Indian Penal Code 1860, HM Amit Shah wants to Overhaul IPC
- National Population Register (NPR) 2020
- Whistle Blowers Allegations on Infosys
Governance & Social Justice
- 60% girls in Delhi colleges anaemic
- Niti aayog’s School education quality index
- Multipurpose National Identity Card
- Population pyramid : India Vs China, Demographic dividend Phase of India
- UN Population Report, India will become the most populous country by 2027
- Supreme Court upholds SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendments Act
- Comparing Population Pyramids of India and China
- Waqf boards-Their governance and purpose
- Harvard Admissions Case
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana- Ist Anniversary, Problems and solutions
- Significance of sexual and Reproductive Health-Status of reproductive services in India
- Pregnancy in Old Age, What is In Vitro Fertilisation-Risks and legal shortcomings
- Supreme Court Judgement on NGOs and RTI
- Social Stock Exchange
- Rajasthan Govt changes EWS norms, Sets Rs 8 lakh family income as only criteria
- Global hunger index 2019
- No Government job for those with more than two kids
- Ranitidine CANCER risk
- IIT Council Introduces Tenure track system
- Bangladesh growing faster than India ?
- Cyprus dispute explained
- Donald Trump impeachment
- India wins Hyderabad Nizam case against Pakistan
- India’s reply to Pakistan at UNGA
- Prime Minister of Malaysia calls India and invader in Kashmir
- Should India recognise the armenian genocide ?
- Why are CARICOM countries important for India ?
- Why are countries leaving OPEC ?
- Attacks on Saudi Oil facilities
- Organization of Islamic Cooperation issues statement on Jammu and Kashmir
- Sri Lanka’s relations with India & China
- US troops start pullout in Syria as Turkey prepares for operation
- What are Vanilla Islands?
- India-USA trade deal
- UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award-2019
- Modi – Xi Informal meet at Mamallapuram – Historic Chinese links
- India China informal summit in Tamil nadu
- Pakistan save from FATF blacklist till 2020
- USA blacklists China organisations over Uighur Muslim abuse
- Why is Chile burning ?
- Why is the Philippines important for India
- Xi jinping Nepal visit 2019 and impact on India
- India Pakistan Cross LOC Trade suspended, Should India revoke suspension?
- Protests in Lebanon
- Chennai to Vladivostok Sea Route
- End of baghdadi
- Indian government’s security advisory
- Indians no longer require Visa to visit Brazil
- Non Aligned Movement 2019 summit
- US backed Ceasefire between Turkey and Kurds
- Pakistan stops postal exchange with India
- China’s GDP growth slows to 6% slowest in 27 years
- Common Goods for Health project by WHO
- Turkey attack Kurds in Syria
- Behavioural Aspect of Farmer Suicide
- Is rural India really open defecation free ?
- Global Growth Slow Down
- Nobel Prize in Economics 2019
- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
- SBI wrote off bad loans worth 76,000 crores
- Surge in Onion Price
- Agriculture Credit by RBI’s Internal Working Group
- What is Debt to GDP Ratio?
- Yes Bank Crisis
- Nobel prize in Literature – Controversy
- Boosting Indian Exports
- Sopore Fruit Mandi deserted
- What is Pink Collarisation?
- Mizoram to have Broad Gauge railway line by 2021
- Demand downturn in Indian Economy
- Payment facilitation fund
- Participatory Guarantee Scheme
- RBI’s 4th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy 2019-20
- Tourism restrictions lifted in Kashmir
- Link between Jobs, Farming, and Climate
- Draft Social Security Code 2019
- State Tax Revenues, SGST and Central Tax Devolution are likely to fall short
- Competitiveness Index 2019 by World Economic Forum
- NITI Aayog’s Water Resources Strategy
- BSNL and MTNL financial issues-DoT prepares Rs 74000 crore revival plan
- 20th Livestock Census
- India falls 10 ranks in World economic forum’s Global competitiveness index
- RBI stops Printing Rs 2000 Notes
- What is the Unified Approach proposal of OECD?
- FCI granaries overflowing
- India’s Economic Growth 2019
- Financial Sector Scams in India
- Labour Market of India
- New Strategic Disinvestment Process
- Payment Delays to Sugarcane Farmers
- Why India’s IMF Quota is not increased
- What is monetary policy Transmission? Why banks are not reducing interest
- Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of Economics
- India moves up 14 spots to 63 on world Bank ease of doing business index
- New amendments to the Motor Vehicles Act
- Power Sector Scenario in India
- Telecos to Pay Rs 96,642 crore to the Government
- Camel population declines in Rajasthan
- Merger of BSNL and MTNL
- World bank on Indian economy
Defence & Security
- Nagas Kukis Conflict, What is the cause of the latest tensions?
- Case against 50 Celebrities controversy
- Can Indian Government intercept WhatsApp?
- UP Government fires 25000 home guards, Is Yogi Government’s decision justified?
- NCRB’s Crime in India 2017 report
- Aadhaar Social Media mandatory linking case
- What is TechSagar? National repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities.
Science & Technology
- ISRO’S Project NETRA
- Facebook’s LIBRA Currency in trouble
- WHO launches first World report on Vision
- 2019 Nobel prize in physics
- 2019 Nobel prize in Physiology and Medicine
- Elon musk’s starlink project
- NASA’s ICON mission
- New King of the Moons in the Solar system is Saturn
- What Is Spectroscopy ?
- Quantum supremacy
- Climate Vulnerable Mapping Of India
- C40 Cities
- Gujarat Unveils emission trading scheme
- Forest Plus 2.0
- Himalayan States seeks Green Bonus
- India to Phase Out Single Use Plastic (SUP) by 2022
- Role of Volcanoes in Global Warming
- NH 766 ban controversy, Protests in Kerala against night traffic ban on the forest stretch
- Climate Change needs Global Solution
- Aarey Forest -2185 trees to be cut for Mumbai metro
- Government to build 1400 km long Green wall
- Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi
- Aerosol formation brightening clouds
- Anthrax outbreak in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Two affected buffaloes died
- Species in News from June to October 2019
- Climate Action Summit 2019
Tag:GS-3|| Economy || Industries || Industrial Policy
What is the issue?
- The lack of liquidity where it is required is a critical factor impeding growth; delayed payments hurt small and medium-sized enterprises.
- Addressing the payment ecosystem to provide consistent duties with fresh funds is important to improve investor sentiment and stimulate growth.
Current liquidity scenario?
- Absence of liquidity
- Lack of liquidity where necessary is a critical factor that has reduced growth in India in the recent period.
- This is paired with the volatility of possible returns from new economic opportunities.
- Paradoxically, undertakings with excess leverage prefer high-yield deposits to park assets.
- Uncertainty about returns
- They are skeptical about investing in long-stage ventures with much higher risks and unpredictable returns.
- Repayment collections
- This is compounded by the volatility of collections of payments that impact cash flows and debt repayment obligations.
Concerns with payments?
- Poor payment culture
- India has a bad payment culture and the worst record in the Asia-Pacific region.
- Government payments are usually late and sub-suppliers are also impacted by upstream payments.
- Payment delays still remain a significant cause of concern for most businessmen in the private sector.
- Legislation has amended regulations where payments to MSMEs cannot be delayed for more than 45 days.
- There was also a grievance mechanism in place.
- It, however, suffers from a critical flaw in which the power balance is skewed in favour of the government or private purchaser.
- MSME Sector
- MSMEs hesitant to take the redress route as they fear denial of future orders once a complaint is made.
- This cycle of delayed payments results in higher purchase prices as the penal interest costs are factored in.
- Due to their sheer sizes
- They have a very small window and sometimes none to cover up the financial shortfall, considering the high cost of borrowing and less robust credit rating.
- Globally, India’s reputation for poor adherence to payment terms is affecting the ‘ease of doing business’ ratings.
What is a possible measure?
- The government needs to embark on big bang reforms to improve this weak payment environment.
- RBI now has enough reserves and foreign funds are available at very low rates as well.
- A transaction facilitation fund should, therefore, be created by the government.
- The Central Government, the State Governments and the units of the public sector must be given equal shares.
- The government can then use the TReDS system to clear all pending central / state and PSU payments with restrictions.
- The release of this fund into the economy of this fund would bring about a major change in investor sentiment and stimulate growth.
What would the fund’s benefits be?
- The global economy is flooded with liquidity.
- The government’s borrowing costs for the measure will, therefore, be insignificant in comparison with the benefits.
- With the fund, there will be many more companies interested in working with the government, leading to lower prices.
- Such a substantial economic influx will have an immediate and lasting impact on consumption and investment.
- The move would change attitudes, boost’ facility to do business’ and create a culture that values payment terms.
- Timing anomalies in transactions, which can be resolved with the fund, is a major cause of non-performing assets in the banking sector.
- Companies that have become sick over the past few years because of delayed payments from their customers can still be revived if they receive their dues in time.
Additional Information about TReDS
- Trade Receivables Discounting System (TReDS) is a scheme for setting up and operating the institutional mechanism for payments.
- It facilitates the financing of trade receivables of MSMEs from corporate and other buyers through multiple financiers.
- The buyers include Government Departments and Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).
Mains model question
- MSME sector has immense economic significance for India but lending to them poses acute challenges. Discuss.