Art & Culture
- Right to access internet is fundamental right declares Kerala High Court
- Legal rights of Deities in India, Difference in Natural and Juristic Person
- Bru refugees refuse to return to Mizoram
- No animal sacrifice in Tripura temple-Orders High Court
- EC’s Order on Reducing Sikkim CM’s Disqualification Period
- Law Ministry issues corrigendum to Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act
- Appointment of the Judges in India.
- New Chief Justice of India- How is CJI appointed?
- Indian Penal Code 1860, HM Amit Shah wants to Overhaul IPC
- National Population Register (NPR) 2020
- Whistle Blowers Allegations on Infosys
Governance & Social Justice
- 60% girls in Delhi colleges anaemic
- Niti aayog’s School education quality index
- Multipurpose National Identity Card
- Population pyramid : India Vs China, Demographic dividend Phase of India
- UN Population Report, India will become the most populous country by 2027
- Supreme Court upholds SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendments Act
- Comparing Population Pyramids of India and China
- Waqf boards-Their governance and purpose
- Harvard Admissions Case
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana- Ist Anniversary, Problems and solutions
- Significance of sexual and Reproductive Health-Status of reproductive services in India
- Pregnancy in Old Age, What is In Vitro Fertilisation-Risks and legal shortcomings
- Supreme Court Judgement on NGOs and RTI
- Social Stock Exchange
- Rajasthan Govt changes EWS norms, Sets Rs 8 lakh family income as only criteria
- Global hunger index 2019
- No Government job for those with more than two kids
- Ranitidine CANCER risk
- IIT Council Introduces Tenure track system
- Bangladesh growing faster than India ?
- Cyprus dispute explained
- Donald Trump impeachment
- India wins Hyderabad Nizam case against Pakistan
- India’s reply to Pakistan at UNGA
- Prime Minister of Malaysia calls India and invader in Kashmir
- Should India recognise the armenian genocide ?
- Why are CARICOM countries important for India ?
- Why are countries leaving OPEC ?
- Attacks on Saudi Oil facilities
- Organization of Islamic Cooperation issues statement on Jammu and Kashmir
- Sri Lanka’s relations with India & China
- US troops start pullout in Syria as Turkey prepares for operation
- What are Vanilla Islands?
- India-USA trade deal
- UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award-2019
- Modi – Xi Informal meet at Mamallapuram – Historic Chinese links
- India China informal summit in Tamil nadu
- Pakistan save from FATF blacklist till 2020
- USA blacklists China organisations over Uighur Muslim abuse
- Why is Chile burning ?
- Why is the Philippines important for India
- Xi jinping Nepal visit 2019 and impact on India
- India Pakistan Cross LOC Trade suspended, Should India revoke suspension?
- Protests in Lebanon
- Chennai to Vladivostok Sea Route
- End of baghdadi
- Indian government’s security advisory
- Indians no longer require Visa to visit Brazil
- Non Aligned Movement 2019 summit
- US backed Ceasefire between Turkey and Kurds
- Pakistan stops postal exchange with India
- China’s GDP growth slows to 6% slowest in 27 years
- Common Goods for Health project by WHO
- Turkey attack Kurds in Syria
- Behavioural Aspect of Farmer Suicide
- Is rural India really open defecation free ?
- Global Growth Slow Down
- Nobel Prize in Economics 2019
- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
- SBI wrote off bad loans worth 76,000 crores
- Surge in Onion Price
- Agriculture Credit by RBI’s Internal Working Group
- What is Debt to GDP Ratio?
- Yes Bank Crisis
- Nobel prize in Literature – Controversy
- Boosting Indian Exports
- Sopore Fruit Mandi deserted
- What is Pink Collarisation?
- Mizoram to have Broad Gauge railway line by 2021
- Demand downturn in Indian Economy
- Payment facilitation fund
- Participatory Guarantee Scheme
- RBI’s 4th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy 2019-20
- Tourism restrictions lifted in Kashmir
- Link between Jobs, Farming, and Climate
- Draft Social Security Code 2019
- State Tax Revenues, SGST and Central Tax Devolution are likely to fall short
- Competitiveness Index 2019 by World Economic Forum
- NITI Aayog’s Water Resources Strategy
- BSNL and MTNL financial issues-DoT prepares Rs 74000 crore revival plan
- 20th Livestock Census
- India falls 10 ranks in World economic forum’s Global competitiveness index
- RBI stops Printing Rs 2000 Notes
- What is the Unified Approach proposal of OECD?
- FCI granaries overflowing
- India’s Economic Growth 2019
- Financial Sector Scams in India
- Labour Market of India
- New Strategic Disinvestment Process
- Payment Delays to Sugarcane Farmers
- Why India’s IMF Quota is not increased
- What is monetary policy Transmission? Why banks are not reducing interest
- Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of Economics
- India moves up 14 spots to 63 on world Bank ease of doing business index
- New amendments to the Motor Vehicles Act
- Power Sector Scenario in India
- Telecos to Pay Rs 96,642 crore to the Government
- Camel population declines in Rajasthan
- Merger of BSNL and MTNL
- World bank on Indian economy
Defence & Security
- Nagas Kukis Conflict, What is the cause of the latest tensions?
- Case against 50 Celebrities controversy
- Can Indian Government intercept WhatsApp?
- UP Government fires 25000 home guards, Is Yogi Government’s decision justified?
- NCRB’s Crime in India 2017 report
- Aadhaar Social Media mandatory linking case
- What is TechSagar? National repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities.
Science & Technology
- ISRO’S Project NETRA
- Facebook’s LIBRA Currency in trouble
- WHO launches first World report on Vision
- 2019 Nobel prize in physics
- 2019 Nobel prize in Physiology and Medicine
- Elon musk’s starlink project
- NASA’s ICON mission
- New King of the Moons in the Solar system is Saturn
- What Is Spectroscopy ?
- Quantum supremacy
- Climate Vulnerable Mapping Of India
- C40 Cities
- Gujarat Unveils emission trading scheme
- Forest Plus 2.0
- Himalayan States seeks Green Bonus
- India to Phase Out Single Use Plastic (SUP) by 2022
- Role of Volcanoes in Global Warming
- NH 766 ban controversy, Protests in Kerala against night traffic ban on the forest stretch
- Climate Change needs Global Solution
- Aarey Forest -2185 trees to be cut for Mumbai metro
- Government to build 1400 km long Green wall
- Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi
- Aerosol formation brightening clouds
- Anthrax outbreak in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Two affected buffaloes died
- Species in News from June to October 2019
- Climate Action Summit 2019
Tag:GS 3||Economics|| Agriculture|| Sustainable Agriculture & Organic Farming
Why in News?
- FSSAIhead has recently stated that Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS) will incentivize more farmers to grow organic food.
What is Participatory Guarantee Scheme?
- PGS is a process of certifying organic products, which ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality
- The certification is in the form of a documented logo or a statement.
- PGSs are locally focused quality assurance systems that certify producers based on the active participation of stakeholders and are built on a foundation of trust, social networks, and knowledge exchange.
- The certified organic food production is still very low. The PGS brings together a peer group of farmers and the costs are low.
- As this certified by a central authority so the quality of the organic food will be ensured thereby increasing the exports.
Advantages of PGS
- It is cost-effective, hassle-free and most important of all farmer-friendly.
- It will help in raising the farmers’ income by increasing the production so coincides with the doubling of farmers’ income by 2022.
- By increasing the exports the current deficit will narrow down and help in stabilizing and strengthening the value of rupee.
- It will also promote the usage of the organic food within-country itself thereby ensuring nutritious food, food security, health and hygiene standards for the food commodities in India.
- Procedures are simple, documents are basic, and farmers understand the local language
- All participants live in close proximityand are introduced to one another so understands the process well.
- Since peer reviewers live in the same village, they have better access to monitoring; peer assessment instead of third party inspections also reduces costs.
- In contrast to the grower group certification scheme, PGS provides individual certificates to each farmer and the farmer is free to sell his own goods independently of the company/group.
- Mutual recognition and cooperationbetween local PGS groups allow improved storage and advertising networking.
- An ‘Operational Manual for Domestic Organic Certification’ published in 2015.
- It was published by the ‘National Centre of Organic Farming’, Ghaziabad, under the Ministry of Agriculture.
- PGSis a quality assurance initiative, operates outside the framework of third-party certification.
Definition International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)
- PGSs are “locally focused assurance systems.”
- This certifies producers on the basis of active stakeholder engagement and is developed on the basis of trust, social networks, and information sharing.
- IFOAM is an international umbrella organization for the campaign for organic farming headquartered in
Four Pillers of PGS
- Collectively, stakeholders such asproducers, customers, retailers,distributors, merchants, NGOs, Gram Panchayats, and government organizations and agencies are responsible for planning, designing, operating and decision making.
- Direct communication between stakeholders helps to create an integrity-and confidence-based approach with transparency consistency in decision-making, easy access to databases and farm visits where possible.
- Shared Vision
- A common shared vision guides collective responsibilityfor development and decision-making.
- That stakeholder organization or group of PGS may adopt its own vision in compliance with the PGS-India program’s overall vision and standards.
- At the grassroots level, accountability is preserved by producer active participation in the organic guarantee
- A system, which may include information sharingat meetings, workshops, and conferences, peer reviews, and engagement in decision-making.
- A fundamental premise of PGS is the belief that farmers can be trusted and this trust can be conveyed and checked by the organic guarantee process.
- Trustworthiness measures include a supplier promise made through a witness signing of a declaration, and the group’s written mutual undertakings to comply with PGS norms, values, and guidelines.
Limitations of PGS
- PGS certification applies only to farmers or communitieswho can coordinate and function as a community within a village or group of contingent villages and applies only to farm activities such as crop production, processing and rearing of livestock and off-farm processing ‘PGS farmers of their direct products.
- Individual farmers or groups of farmers of less than five members are not protected by the PGS.
- They either apply for approval by third parties or join the existing local group of PGS.
- PGS guarantees traceability until the commodity is in the PGS group’s control, making PGS suitable for direct local sales and direct trade between producers and consumers.