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End of baghdadi

End of baghdadi

Tag:GS2 || International Relations || India & Rest of the World || West Asia

Why in news?

  • On October 27, 2019, USA president Donald Trump announced that the Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi died in a raid conducted by US special forces in north western Syria.
  • According to the announcement, Baghdadi killed himself by detonating a suicide vest. He died running into a dead-end tunnel. He ignited the vest killing himself and his three children. His body was mutilated by the blasts.

Operation Kayla Mueller :

  • The stealth operation that claimed the life of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was named after 26-year-old Kayla Mueller.
  • She was an American who was kidnapped and killed by the extremist group in 2015.
  • According to U.S. officials, including President Trump, Baghdadi killed himself when he detonated a suicide belt.

Who was Baghdadi?

  • Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (1971 – 2019) was the leader of the Islamic State (ISIS) militant terrorist organisation.
  • In 2014, the ISIS announced the establishment of a worldwide caliphate.
  • Al-Baghdadi was named its caliph, to be known as “Caliph Ibrahim”.
  • He was designated by the United States Department of State as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist.

About Islamic State :

  • The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria also known as Daesh gained global prominence in 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of the key cities in Iraq.
  • The group was designated terrorist organization by the United Nations as well as by many other individual countries.
  • It was widely known for its beheadings and other type of executions of soldiers, civilians and destruction of cultural heritage sites.
  • It was also committed to ethnic cleansing on an unprecedented scale in Northern Iraq.