Art & Culture
- Right to access internet is fundamental right declares Kerala High Court
- Legal rights of Deities in India, Difference in Natural and Juristic Person
- Bru refugees refuse to return to Mizoram
- No animal sacrifice in Tripura temple-Orders High Court
- EC’s Order on Reducing Sikkim CM’s Disqualification Period
- Law Ministry issues corrigendum to Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act
- Appointment of the Judges in India.
- New Chief Justice of India- How is CJI appointed?
- Indian Penal Code 1860, HM Amit Shah wants to Overhaul IPC
- National Population Register (NPR) 2020
- Whistle Blowers Allegations on Infosys
Governance & Social Justice
- 60% girls in Delhi colleges anaemic
- Niti aayog’s School education quality index
- Multipurpose National Identity Card
- Population pyramid : India Vs China, Demographic dividend Phase of India
- UN Population Report, India will become the most populous country by 2027
- Supreme Court upholds SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendments Act
- Comparing Population Pyramids of India and China
- Waqf boards-Their governance and purpose
- Harvard Admissions Case
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana- Ist Anniversary, Problems and solutions
- Significance of sexual and Reproductive Health-Status of reproductive services in India
- Pregnancy in Old Age, What is In Vitro Fertilisation-Risks and legal shortcomings
- Supreme Court Judgement on NGOs and RTI
- Social Stock Exchange
- Rajasthan Govt changes EWS norms, Sets Rs 8 lakh family income as only criteria
- Global hunger index 2019
- No Government job for those with more than two kids
- Ranitidine CANCER risk
- IIT Council Introduces Tenure track system
- Bangladesh growing faster than India ?
- Cyprus dispute explained
- Donald Trump impeachment
- India wins Hyderabad Nizam case against Pakistan
- India’s reply to Pakistan at UNGA
- Prime Minister of Malaysia calls India and invader in Kashmir
- Should India recognise the armenian genocide ?
- Why are CARICOM countries important for India ?
- Why are countries leaving OPEC ?
- Attacks on Saudi Oil facilities
- Organization of Islamic Cooperation issues statement on Jammu and Kashmir
- Sri Lanka’s relations with India & China
- US troops start pullout in Syria as Turkey prepares for operation
- What are Vanilla Islands?
- India-USA trade deal
- UNHCR Nansen Refugee Award-2019
- Modi – Xi Informal meet at Mamallapuram – Historic Chinese links
- India China informal summit in Tamil nadu
- Pakistan save from FATF blacklist till 2020
- USA blacklists China organisations over Uighur Muslim abuse
- Why is Chile burning ?
- Why is the Philippines important for India
- Xi jinping Nepal visit 2019 and impact on India
- India Pakistan Cross LOC Trade suspended, Should India revoke suspension?
- Protests in Lebanon
- Chennai to Vladivostok Sea Route
- End of baghdadi
- Indian government’s security advisory
- Indians no longer require Visa to visit Brazil
- Non Aligned Movement 2019 summit
- US backed Ceasefire between Turkey and Kurds
- Pakistan stops postal exchange with India
- China’s GDP growth slows to 6% slowest in 27 years
- Common Goods for Health project by WHO
- Turkey attack Kurds in Syria
- Behavioural Aspect of Farmer Suicide
- Is rural India really open defecation free ?
- Global Growth Slow Down
- Nobel Prize in Economics 2019
- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
- SBI wrote off bad loans worth 76,000 crores
- Surge in Onion Price
- Agriculture Credit by RBI’s Internal Working Group
- What is Debt to GDP Ratio?
- Yes Bank Crisis
- Nobel prize in Literature – Controversy
- Boosting Indian Exports
- Sopore Fruit Mandi deserted
- What is Pink Collarisation?
- Mizoram to have Broad Gauge railway line by 2021
- Demand downturn in Indian Economy
- Payment facilitation fund
- Participatory Guarantee Scheme
- RBI’s 4th Bi-monthly Monetary Policy 2019-20
- Tourism restrictions lifted in Kashmir
- Link between Jobs, Farming, and Climate
- Draft Social Security Code 2019
- State Tax Revenues, SGST and Central Tax Devolution are likely to fall short
- Competitiveness Index 2019 by World Economic Forum
- NITI Aayog’s Water Resources Strategy
- BSNL and MTNL financial issues-DoT prepares Rs 74000 crore revival plan
- 20th Livestock Census
- India falls 10 ranks in World economic forum’s Global competitiveness index
- RBI stops Printing Rs 2000 Notes
- What is the Unified Approach proposal of OECD?
- FCI granaries overflowing
- India’s Economic Growth 2019
- Financial Sector Scams in India
- Labour Market of India
- New Strategic Disinvestment Process
- Payment Delays to Sugarcane Farmers
- Why India’s IMF Quota is not increased
- What is monetary policy Transmission? Why banks are not reducing interest
- Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of Economics
- India moves up 14 spots to 63 on world Bank ease of doing business index
- New amendments to the Motor Vehicles Act
- Power Sector Scenario in India
- Telecos to Pay Rs 96,642 crore to the Government
- Camel population declines in Rajasthan
- Merger of BSNL and MTNL
- World bank on Indian economy
Defence & Security
- Nagas Kukis Conflict, What is the cause of the latest tensions?
- Case against 50 Celebrities controversy
- Can Indian Government intercept WhatsApp?
- UP Government fires 25000 home guards, Is Yogi Government’s decision justified?
- NCRB’s Crime in India 2017 report
- Aadhaar Social Media mandatory linking case
- What is TechSagar? National repository of India’s cyber tech capabilities.
Science & Technology
- ISRO’S Project NETRA
- Facebook’s LIBRA Currency in trouble
- WHO launches first World report on Vision
- 2019 Nobel prize in physics
- 2019 Nobel prize in Physiology and Medicine
- Elon musk’s starlink project
- NASA’s ICON mission
- New King of the Moons in the Solar system is Saturn
- What Is Spectroscopy ?
- Quantum supremacy
- Climate Vulnerable Mapping Of India
- C40 Cities
- Gujarat Unveils emission trading scheme
- Forest Plus 2.0
- Himalayan States seeks Green Bonus
- India to Phase Out Single Use Plastic (SUP) by 2022
- Role of Volcanoes in Global Warming
- NH 766 ban controversy, Protests in Kerala against night traffic ban on the forest stretch
- Climate Change needs Global Solution
- Aarey Forest -2185 trees to be cut for Mumbai metro
- Government to build 1400 km long Green wall
- Graded Response Action Plan in Delhi
- Aerosol formation brightening clouds
- Anthrax outbreak in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Two affected buffaloes died
- Species in News from June to October 2019
- Climate Action Summit 2019
Tag:GS2||International Relations||International Organizations||Specialized Agencies of UN
Why in news?
- Common Goods for Health (CGH) is a project launched by the World Health Organization (WHO).
- There is a need for external funders and governments to prioritize investments in core health system functions that are fundamental to protecting and promoting health and well-being. As a call for action, WHO, in close collaboration with external partners, has developed a knowledge program on financing common goods for health.
What is CGH:
- Common Goods for Health (CGH) are population-based functions or interventions that require collective financing, either from the government or donors based on the following conditions:
- Contribute to health and economic progress;
- There is a clear economic rationale for interventions based on market failures, with a focus on (i) Public Goods (Non-Rival, Non-Exclusionary) or (ii) large social externalities.
- CGH avoids the near-universal confusion associated with the terms ‘public health’, ‘public good’, and public health expenditure.
Need For CGH:
- Population-scale interventions: CGH uses the population-scale interventions which reduce the disease burden.
- Fiscal Impetus: Given the growing fiscal exposure of the government to health care expenses, there is now a direct fiscal impetus to do more on these population-scale interventions.
- The CGH covers market failure in the form of ‘public goods’ and ‘externalities.
- Population-scale interventions reduce new threats such as pandemics and air quality, and also the unfinished agenda of traditional public health in India.
Foundations of public health:
- The dangers of a global pandemic such as Ebola, the problems of air quality in India, or the health consequences of environmental degradation and climate change is a very large problem that has adverse consequences for hundreds of millions of people:
- If we merely focused on health care, this is an inefficient response. We should not merely think about public policy responses in the form of curing people in an Ebola epidemic or curing the people who are harmed by the air quality in North India, etc. We must go upstream, and combat these problems at the root.
- It is in the nature of the governance process to creep away from public health towards health care.
The relation between CGH and public finance:
- Reduced health care expenditures: Improvements in public health will reduce the extent to which people get sick, thus giving reduced health care expenditures. This justifies an enhanced focus upon CGH for governments worldwide, who have a worrying fiscal exposure to health care, even if the main consideration was public expenditure and not the happiness of the populace
- Reducing the fiscal burden:
- CGH will help in reducing the fiscal burden associated with government programs that pay for health care. Doing better on CGH is a stepping stone for the financing and thus the feasibility of Universal Health Coverage (UHC). The fiscal exposure to health care expenses has risen sharply through the launch of many government-sponsored health insurance schemes or “GSHIS”.
- Debt: There are concerns about the magnitude of the implicit debt associated with the health insurance promises made by the Indian state.
- A fresh focus upon CGH will help reduce the expenditures and the fiscal risk associated with the promises that have been made about health care.
Status Of India:
- CGH Agenda: The CGH agenda cuts across many ministries and agencies of government. As an example, problems like air quality or road safety have a major impact upon health care expenses in India, and these problems lie outside the Ministry of Health.
- Coordination: There is a need for coordination mechanisms that cut across various elements of the Indian state that have to discharge these responsibilities. This is similar to the problems of disaster risk resilience, which cut across many parts of the Indian state.
- Difficulties in health care: In India, we have many difficulties in health care. This amplifies the importance of CGH. It is better for a person to not get sick, as compared with going into a faulty health care system.
- Increasingly expenditures: The Indian state is increasingly exposed to expenditures associated with health care. To the extent that people do not get sick, the fiscal burden associated with a given set of promises made by the government will be smaller. This amplifies the importance of CGH.
- Global health policy is a supertanker and there will be no substantial change in the short run. The WHO’s CGH project is, however, a push in the right direction, and is likely to slowly bring about a shift in health policy worldwide. It is particularly important in India, where the traditional public health agenda has obtained inadequate attention, and the disease burden is consequentially high.