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Prelims Capsule

Human Development

What is Doomsday Scrolling? Impact of Doomsday Surfing on Mental health and wellness?

What is Doomsday Scrolling? Impact of Doomsday Surfing on Mental health and wellness?


  • GS 2 || Governance & Social Justice || Human Development || Health

Why in the news?

Doomscrolling may be a new catchy term, but it is not a new behavior — and at its root it comes from a good place. Experts recommend that people limit their doomscrolling by setting timers or using apps that limit daily access to news feeds and social media sites.


  • Mental illness contributes to thirty first of the worldwide malady burden, however solely receive Chronicles or less funding from national health budgets worldwide.
  • India currently has the very high rate of suicides within the 15-29 age class, 42.5% of individuals operating within the non-public sector square measure battling either depression, anxiety or some sort of similar issue

What are mental disorders?

  • Mental disorders (or mental illnesses) are conditions that have an effect on our thinking, feeling, mood, and behavior.
  • They will be occasional or long (chronic). They will have an effect on our ability to relate to others and performance on a daily basis.
  • There are many various mental disorders, with completely different shows. They’re typically characterized by a mixture of abnormal thoughts, perceptions, emotions, behavior and relationships with others.
  • Mental disorders include: depression, bipolar mental disturbance, dementia praecox and alternative psychoses, dementia, intellectual disabilities and biological process disorders as well as syndrome.
  • Mental disorders of various kinds are adversely affecting a large population of Indians, especially in South Indian States.
  • One in every seven Indians were affected by mental disorders of varying severity in 2017.
  • Back in 2017, there were 19.73 crore people with mental disorders, which comprises 14.3 percent of the total population of the country.

Issues and Challenges of Mental Disorder:

  • Economic condition: Most powerfully associated factors with mental disorders are deprivation and economic condition. People with lower levels of education, low house financial gain, lack of access to basic amenities are at high risk of disorder.
  • Illiteracy and unemployment: Time period risk of affection disorders, panic disorders, generalized folio, and specific phobic neurosis and substance use disorders is found to be highest among illiterate and unemployed persons.
  • Self-destructive behavior: Self-destructive behavior was found to possess relation with feminine gender, operating condition, independent decision making, premarital sex, physical abuse and sexual abuse. Current stress and chronic pain heightened the chance of suicide.
  • Self-isolation: Living alone and an occasion in a very steady relationship at intervals the past year were additionally considerably related to suicide. Work atmosphere, college atmosphere and family atmosphere plays a vital role in pathogenesis of mental disorders.
  • Issues associated with female: Females are additional susceptible to mental disorders because of fast social modification, gender discrimination, social exclusion, gender disadvantage like marrying at young age, concern regarding the husband’s substance misuse habits, and violence.
  • Poverty: Poorer girls are additionally doubtless to suffer from adverse life events, to measure in huddled or nerve-wracking conditions, to own fewer activity opportunities and to own chronic illnesses; all of those are recognized risk factors for common mental disorders.
  • Psychological and Biological factors: Psychological factors like headache and body ache, sensory symptoms and nonspecific symptoms like temporary state and weakness also makes individuals at risk of mental disorders. Biological factors touching mental disorders are genetic origin, abnormal physiology and birth defect.
  • Society acceptance: Stigma associated with mental disorders, lack of awareness in folk, delayed treatment seeking behavior, lack of low value diagnostic test and lack of simply offered treatment are the most hurdles in combating the matter of mental state in Bharat.
  • Lack of political commitment: Additionally factors touching on ancient medication and beliefs in supernatural powers in community delays diagnosing and treatment. India had centered its attention chiefly to maternal and kid health and communicable diseases. This results in lack of political commitment to non-communicable diseases any intensifying the load of mental disorders.


  • Need of Well-trained psychiatrist: Proposed health and wellness centers must have a well-trained psychiatrist as well as subsidized medications for certain conditions, according to India’s new National Health Policy.
  • Some session or program/event at district level: Individuals must be surveyed on a regular basis to determine their stress levels and mental health using questionnaires such as mini mental schemes.
  • Proper use of social media: Using social media to raise public awareness of mental illnesses, recovery centers, and availability, as well as dispel myths.
  • Proper assistance to students: Minimize stress levels by following best practices for working hours and student curricula.
  • Role of govt. and NGOs: The government, non-governmental organizations, and all health institutions must work together to address this problem on a war-like scale, or else it will not only make people sick, but it will also cost the country heavily in terms of manpower and efficiency, resulting in ethical, scientific, technical, financial, and human losses in this competitive world.

Intervention/Initiatives by Government:

  • National Mental Health Policy, 2014
  • National Mental Health Programme
  • Mental Healthcare Act, 2017
  • Karnataka Government’s initiative – Arogyavani
  • SPIRIT – Suicide Prevention and Implementation Research Initiative (Not a GOI initiative but approved by it)
  • Other initiatives:
    • Atmiya project in Gujarat and Maharashtra has used community participation.
    • Raah app has been launched by ICMR to analyse mental health during covid.
    • Saathi– It is a south asian organisation working in india for mental health.
    • Live love laugh foundation– By deepika padukone works for women mental health.

Way Forward:

  • Students will suffer a great deal as a result of mounting pressure on them to perform better; it is our collective duty to come together and resolve this problem as soon as possible.
  • We should not leave our children to deal with this on their own. Since they are more vulnerable to this disease, it is necessary to speak with them about it.
  • Government schemes such as the Ayushman Bharat Yojana can cover this disease as well.
  • It is imperative that family members communicate with one another.
  • Once the problem has been identified, the doctors should be consulted.
  • Psychiatrists should be encouraged to see patients for counseling.
  • Special attention should be given by the government. on to the spread of negative news and fake news on the social media it is one of the main cause and serious cause for the rising graph of people with mental illness

Mains oriented question:

How the present evolving world, change in the social behavior and over taking of technology is affecting the mental health of the people? What are the reasons explained? (250 words)