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DRDO successfully test fires AKASH MK-1S missile

DRDO successfully test fires AKASH MK-1S missile

Tag:GS 3 ||  Science & Technology || Defence || Military   Technology

Why in News?

  • DRDO has successfully test fired AKASH MK 1S missile from its Integrated Test Range facility at Chandipur, Odisha

About AKASH missile

  • All weather medium range Surface-to-Air missile which can neutralize advanced aerial targets
  • Developed by DRDO as a part of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program
  • Suitable to be launched from static or mobile platforms such as wheeled trucks or battle tanks
  • Two versions of the missile are being built for the Indian Air Force and the Indian Army
  • It can handle multiple targets and destroy maneuvering targets, including UAVs, fighter aircrafts, cruise missiles
  • Akash can fly at supersonic speeds ranging from Mach 2.5 to 3.5
  • Boasts of an operational range from 30km to 35km, and at altitudes up to 18,000m
  • It can carry conventional and nuclear warheads weighing up to 60kg
  • Powered by Ramjet-rocket propulsion system

AKASH MK 1S

  • AKASH MK 1S is an upgrade of existing AKASH missile with indigenous Seeker
  • AKASH weapon system has combination of both Command guidance and active terminal seeker guidance
  • It offers improved accuracy and higher ranges

What is a SEEKER?

  • A seeker head in technically a suite of extremely sensitive sensors that pick up on infrared light
  • The missile in itself cannot as such ‘see’ targets rather only sees the track that the target it has locked on makes

Additional Info

  • Integrated Guided Missile Program
  • Brainchild of Dr Abdul Kalam Azad to ensure self sufficiency in the field of missile technology
  • It was approved by the Government of India in 1982-83
  • Missiles developed under the program
    • Prithvi – Short range surface to surface ballistic missile
    • Trishul – Short range low level surface to air missile
    • Akash – Medium range surface to air missile
    • Agni – Ballistic missiles
    • Nag – Third generation anti-tank missile
  • Shaurya Missile
  • canister launched hypersonic surface-to-surface missile
  • operational range of 750km
  • can carry a payload of one ton conventional or nuclear warhead
  • speed of 7.5 Mach
  • Dhanush Missile
  • Naval version of Prithvi missile. It can carry payloads up to 500 kg and target both land-based and sea-based targets
  • Brahmos
  • fastest supersonic cruise missile with a speed of 2.8-3 Mach
  • a collaborative project between India and Russia

Mains Question

India has developed a credible strategic deterrence with its indigenous missile weapon system. Discuss in the light of recent addition to the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.