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Why India has to be ‘Atmanirbhar’ in Tech?

Why India has to be ‘Atmanirbhar’ in Tech?

Relevance:

  • GS 3 || Economy || Introduction to Economics || Sectors of Economy

Why in the news?

Technology and Atmanirbhar Bharat

Background:

  • In the Indian context, self-reliance should not mean divorcing international trade.
  • The modern-day agenda of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat comes with a tag line that reads ‘tough times require tough decisions’. And that said, the entire schema of developing a self-reliant nation with a package sum amounting to 10% of the country’s GDP, would rest on the five pillars of Economy, Infrastructure, System, Demography and Demand.
  • India will have to seriously engage with the region and the world, but at the same time strengthen its own domestic industry by streamlining the governance system and go far beyond mere amendments and announcements.
  • Swadeshi does not and should not be interpreted as isolation. M.K. Gandhi’s Swadeshi movement and self-reliance were two sides of the same coin that would find currency in a globalised world.

Understanding Atmanirbhar Bharat:

Some example of Atma Nirbhar Bharat:

  • FPO/ Farmer Groups: Formation of formal farmer groups of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) will help connect the market in a better way and reach consumers without hassles resulting in increased value realization of their produce. One success story of FPO is Surya Farmers Producers Company Limited (SFPCL) incorporated in the year 2015 with membership of 538 small and marginal farmers’.
  • Devagiri Kisan Agro Products Producer Company Ltd (DKAPPCO), Paralakhemundi, Odisha: DKAPPCO incorporated on September 11, 2017. DKAPPCO aggregated 100 MT cashews from members and non-members, by provided logistics & other handling support
  • Mahakaushal Progressive Farmers Self Reliant Producer Company Ltd (MPFSRPCL), Seoni, Madhya Pradesh
  • Rahu village in Maharashtra is the only village in the two blocks of Melghat that has also been harvesting bamboo. Almost all villagers and the needy from neighbouring villages participate in the harvest of bamboo, and this activity provides employment to hundreds in the area.
  • Hiware Bazar, a village in Maharashtra’s drought-prone Ahmednagar district, was sliding into an abyss after degrading its environment. But in less than a decade it turned itself around into one of the most prosperous villages of the country. There was no magic wand, just common sense. It used funds from government schemes, to regenerate its natural resources–forests, watershed and soil–led by a strong village body. It had a role model in the district–Ralegan Siddhi, the village Anna Hazare turned around

Conclusions

Gandhi is of the view that full employment of human resources is the basic need of a country. It is true that national income will increase if each and every person (whether skilled or unskilled) is employed fully. This cannot be possible only with the development of large-scale industries because of their labour-saving nature. Agricultural sector too cannot solve the problem of unemployment or underemployment due to its seasonal nature. Therefore mechanization and large scale production cannot provide the solution to the problem of poverty and unemployment. Self-sufficient village economy is an alternative solution and in this context the role of institutions in the rural sector like the village panchayat and rural multipurpose co-operative can play a vital role. We cite here an example of a multipurpose co-operative society located at Sridharpur village of Burdwan district of West Bengal. The society is formed with unlimited liability.

 Mains oriented question:

India will have to seriously engage with the region and the world, but at the same time strengthen its own domestic industry by streamlining the governance system and go far beyond mere amendments and announcements. Comment. (250 words)