Governance & Social Justice
- The South China Sea Conflict: Analysis in In-depth
- Bangladesh’s success story, Role of china, current issues between the two countries, cooperation
- India’s Act East Policy | Analysis | objective of Act East Policy
- Blunders of NATO
- Indian firms to buy more oil from Russia, energy ties to deepen | Russia-Ukraine Crisis
- India-Myanmar Relations: Importance & Background
- India – Bhutan relations | Important debate simplified
- India’s Game plan for Tibet | Geopolitics Simplified
- NITI Aayog announces 5 aspirational districts in Agriculture & Water Resources sector
- Inland Waterway Vessel MV Lal Bahadur Shastri from Patna to Guwahati
- After Russia, Iran offers oil to India, proposes revival of Rupee
- Hydropower development turns a Uttarakhand village into a graveyard
- Operation Greens | aims to ensure right price for farmers | promote FPO | Government Policies
- Why India has to be ‘Atmanirbhar’ in Tech?
- Can Russia use Cryptocurrency to evade sanction?
Defence & Security
Science & Technology
- How can Artificial intelligence/machine learning help the Indian judiciary reduce pendency?
- How Blockchain technology can make UPI a Global Payment System?
- India lacks a solar waste handling policy. What is Solar Waste?
- Kahani Koyle Ki’ | A satirical Representation of Extraction of Coal and Increasing Pollution
- GS 3 || Environment || Environment & Ecology || Pollution
Understanding all about Wetlands and related issues in India:
Conservation Efforts by India:
- National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems (NPCA): NPCA is a single conservation programme for both wetlands and lakes. It is a centrally sponsored scheme currently being implemented by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests and Climate Change.
- Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules,2017:
- Decentralise wetlands management by giving states powers to not only identify and notify wetlands within their jurisdictions but also keep a watch on prohibited activities.
- It also indirectly widens the ambit of permitted activities in wetlands by inserting the `wise use’ principle, giving powers to state-level wetland authorities to decide what can be allowed in larger interest.
- The Centre’s role will be restricted to monitoring its implementation by states UTs, recommending transboundary wetlands for notification and reviewing integrated management of selected wetlands under the Ramsar Convention.
- Digital inventories of all land records, including wetlands, are required.
- Encroachment becomes harder if digitised data about wetlands and their buffer zones are available to planners and the general public.
- By cutting off surplus nutrient supplies, the eutrophication of the wetland may be prevented.
- De-siltation, weeding, and aeration into the water may all be done after that.
- Development authorities must take over the resurrected wetland to a citizen’s organisation so that they may manage and benefit from it.
Mains oriented questions:
Why is there a need for wetlands conservation? What are the dangers that wetlands face? Propose wetlands-protection measures. (200 words)