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India lacks a solar waste handling policy. What is Solar Waste?

India lacks a solar waste handling policy. What is Solar Waste?

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  • GS 3 || Science & Technology || Energy || Energy Policy

Why in the news?

India lacks a solar waste handling policy

  • At Policy Level:
    • India need comprehensive, all-encompassing legislation to handle PV waste, as well as the opportunity to study PV recycling and management options.
    • Creating a separate category for PV waste in waste rules, as well as imposing a landfill ban for modules, are some of the policy recommendations, as is putting in place a legal framework for a mandated Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR).
    • In order to streamline our efforts to efficiently handle PV waste, the EPR regulations for all PV equipment, or all Renewable Energy equipment in general, should be separated from the e-waste rules.
  • At Industry Level:
    • Industry-led action is the second crucial factor. We’ve seen how industry has been at the centre of any legislation or policy initiative in the UK, Australia, and notably the EU.
    • Given the Indian solar industry’s resiliency, it’s critical to hear from its stakeholders and allow them to suggest a long-term solution for the waste generated.
  • At Technology Level:
    • Ensure that home-grown recycling technology are nurtured, rewarded, and promoted at the same time.
    • To find and develop module recycling methods and related infrastructure, government-funded research is required.
    • India should consider cooperative research and development cooperation to exploit current technology and Indianize/indigenize them for the Indian environment.

Suggestion:

  • Infrastructure: In order to reduce the cost of recycling, coordination between the energy and trash sectors is essential to properly handle renewable energy waste and establish more recycling plants to prevent solar panels from ending up in landfills.
  • Environmental Disposal and Recycling: The power purchase agreement SECI / DISCOMS / government enters with project developers could include environmental disposal and recycling of solar waste.
  • Landfill Ban: Solar panel waste is hazardous to the environment since it contains poisonous metals and minerals that can leach into the soil.
  • Business Incentives: To encourage the recycling industry to participate more, new business models, incentives, or the issuance of green certificates will be provided.
  • R&D: Design innovation may have an impact on the sort of waste generated; technological developments will be critical in lowering the impact of renewable energy waste. New panels, for example, utilise less silicon and generate less waste during production.