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Tag:GS2 || International relations || India & Rest of the world || Africa
Why in news ?
- Sudan’s long-time president Omar al-Bashir has been removed from office and arrested following months of protests against Bashir’s regime.
How did it all begin?
- Everything started in December with the Sudan uprising.The rallies began as demonstrations again the rising cost of food and shortages of fuel, but they morphed into protests against the President, Omar al-Bashir.
- With this act three-decade rule of Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir has ended.
- For the past four months, Sudan has been rocked by countrywide protests, leading to a military intervention last week which ejected Bashir from power, thereby ending his brutal 30-year rule. The protests have earned praise for employing peaceful methods.
- Sudan has been engulfed by violence for more than a century, even while it was under the British-Egyptian colonial rule.
- Since independence in 1956, the North African nation has seen sectarian violence, famines and political instability, the latest coup toppling Bashir being the fifth such forcible takeover.
Omar al-Bashir’s rule:
- Omar al-Bashir became the country’s ruler in 1989 after he toppled a democratically-elected government.
- After Bashir came to power, the country went on to adopt and enforce Saudi-sponsored orthodox Islam in Sudan.
The Sudan protests due to rise in Inflation:
- In December 2018, enacting austerity measures recommended by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Sudan devalued its currency, the Sudanese Pound, and cut back on subsidies.
- This led to a steep rise in inflation and food prices. The price rise in essential commodities sparked anger among the Sudanese people, who were already wary of Bashir’s autocratic rule.
- Protests erupted in the eastern part of the country and soon reached the capital Khartoum.
What are the effects of hunger in Sudan?
- Hunger anywhere can have long-term, debilitating consequences, but it can be particularly threatening during a complex crisis like the one in Sudan.
- When people go hungry, they have trouble staying healthy and become more vulnerable to dangerous diseases, which is a weakness people sheltering in makeshift camps and communities can’t afford.
- Their bodies are also not as strong or productive as they could be, which makes it difficult for them to work, find food and keep their families safe at a time when they urgently need the strength to do so.
- Children’s development is also seriously impacted by hunger.
- Without proper nutrition, they don’t hit critical developmental milestones, which can permanently inhibit their ability to learn and function for the rest of their lives.
- Hungry children don’t learn as well, and they are also at a higher risk of disease.
- According to UNICEF, more than 1 million children in Sudan are acutely malnourished, and 1 in 4 are stunted.