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Narendra Modi 2.0

Narendra Modi 2.0

Tag:GS 2 || Polity || Central Government || PM & Central COM

Why in News?

  • PM Narendra Modi, the 15th PM of India, called for first cabinet meeting of the 17th Lok Sabha
  • Five major social security interventions announced in the meeting

Schemes

  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM KISAN)
    • Central sector scheme with 100% funding from Government of India
    • Income support of 6000/- per year in three equal instalments to farmer families, irrespective of size of land holdings
    • The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries
    • Estimated to benefit nearly 5 crore farmer families
    • Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Pension Yojana
    • Voluntary and contributory pension scheme for small and marginal farmers with the entry age of 18 – 40 years
    • Minimum fixed pension of Rs 3000 per month on attaining the age of 60 years
    • Budget for scheme set at Rs. 10,775 crore over three years
    • Government will match the contribution made by eligible farmer in the pension fund
    • After the death of the beneficiary, the spouse will be entitled to receive 50% of the pension amount provided they are not already a beneficiary of the scheme
    • Government will cover minimum 5 crore small and marginal farmers in the first three years
  • Scholarship Scheme for the wards of martyrs
    • Scholarship for girls increased from Rs 2250 to Rs 3000 per month and that for boys from Rs 2000 to Rs 2500 per month
    • The ambit of scholarship Scheme extended to wards (500) of State Police officials martyred during naxal/terror attack
  • National Defence Fund
    • Set up in 1962, to take charge of voluntary donations, cash or kind, received for the promotion of national defence effort and to decide on their utilization
    • Currently being used for the welfare of the members and dependents in
      • Armed Forces (5500 wards) under Ministry of Defence
      • Paramilitary forces (2000 wards) under Ministry of Home Affairs
      • Railway Protection force personnel (150 wards) under Ministry of Railways
    • Pension Scheme for small shopkeepers and traders
      • All shopkeepers, retail traders and self employed persons assured a minimum monthly pension of Rs 3000 per month after attaining the age of 60 years
      • Persons with GST turnover below 1.5 crore aged between 18 -40 years can enrol for this scheme
      • Government will make matching contribution in the subscriber’s account
      • The scheme is expected to benefit more than 3 crore small shopkeepers and traders
      • Scheme is based on self declaration as no documents are needed except Aadhar and bank account details
      • Common Service Centres across the country to facilitate subscription
    • Special Scheme for the control of Food & Mouth disease (FMD) and Brucellosis
      • 100 % centrally funded scheme
      • Outlay of Rs 13,343 crore to support the livestock rearing farmers
      • For FMD, scheme envisages vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines, 20 crore sheep/goat and 1 crore pigs
      • Brucellosis control program to ensure 100% vaccination coverage of 3.6 crore female calves
      • Aim is to control these diseases in the next 5 years followed by complete eradication
      • Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis are common amongst livestock such as cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, pigs etc
      • FMD infection results in milk loss up to 100% which could last for 4 to 6 months
      • In Brucellosis, milk output reduces by 30% during the life cycle of the animal and can cause infertility among the animals
      • The infection can also be transmitted to farm workers and livestock owners

Additional Info:

  • Cabinet
    • Article 352 defines the cabinet as “the council consisting of the prime minister and other ministers of cabinet rank appointed under Article 75”
    • It is the supreme executive authority and highest decision making body in our politico-administrative system
    • It deals with major legislative, financial and strategic matters
    • It exercises, in practice, the powers of the council of ministers and thus, acts for the latter
    • It is a smaller body, compared to Council of Minister, consisting of 15 to 20 ministers

Mains Question

Cabinet is not a constitutional body. Critically analyze.