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Governance & Social Justice
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- World’s largest teachers’ training programme NISHTHA launched by NCERT & MoTA
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Defence & Security
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Science & Technology
- GS 2 || Governance & Social Justice || Human Development || Education
Why in the news?
Programme NISHTHA launched by NCERT & MoTA
About Programme NISHTHA:
- It is a National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement
- NISHTHA is the world’s largest teacher-training program of its type.
- The goal is to develop and foster critical thinking in pupils through motivating and equipping instructors.
All about teacher training in India:
In India, teacher education is governed by the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE), which was established as a statutory body in 1993. Its major goal is to promote planned and coordinated teacher education development through the formulation and execution of Regulations (Norms and Standards) for teacher education institutions seeking accreditation to begin teacher preparation programs.
Problems of Teacher Education:
- Some shady schools have turned into money-making machines, producing qualified but inept teachers.
- Inadequate Teacher Selection Procedures: Inadequate teacher selection procedures result in the hiring of incompetent instructors.
- Lack of Demand and Supply Regulations: There is a significant gap between teacher demand and supply. The State Education Department does not have any data to work with in order to determine the target intake for their schools. This has resulted in issues such as unemployment and underemployment, as well as student discontent.
- Monitoring of Teacher-Education Institutions: The National Council for Teacher-Education (NCTE) is a regulatory body that oversees the functioning of these institutions and ensures that they do not become commercial (profit-making) institutions; however, because the country is so diverse with so many institutions, it can be difficult to keep track of them all.
- Lack of Facilities for Professional Development: Most of the programmes are being conducted in a routine and unimaginative manner.
- Issues with the most important part of this program is practice teaching, but despite all of the elaborate arrangements for practice teaching, student teachers are uninterested in the task of teaching, lack a sense of duty, are irresponsible, aimless, indifferent to children, and lack innovative teaching measures, all of which are major roadblocks to the development of pedagogical skills.
- Inadequate student-teacher facilities: Even though teacher education is the cornerstone of education, it is considered as a step-son of education in India. Approximately 20% of teacher education institutes are housed in rented premises with no facilities. A competent teacher education department requires an experimental school or laboratory, a library, and other equipment.
- The issue of teaching supervision: Supervisory organizations for practice teaching aim to increase the instructional activity of student teachers by utilizing various approaches and practical skills in teaching and assisting them in developing confidence in dealing with classroom settings. Its goal is to assist teachers in establishing lesson plans, learning to arrange information, forming appropriate gestures, and other relevant abilities. Currently, the topic method specialist only checks the lesson plans superficially and does not engage in any conversation.
- Student-Teachers with a Poor Intellectual Foundation: The majority of candidates lack the necessary enthusiasm and academic background for a well-deserved admission into the teaching profession.
- Course Quality Concerns: In education, quality refers to the quality of a teacher’s work, which has a major impact on his or her students. Teacher education does not meet the necessary requirements. Teachers are unable to think critically and address problems with instructional techniques, material, and organizations, among other things. More emphasis is placed on theoretical concepts, and instructors are unable to apply these principles in practical classroom circumstances.
- Topic Knowledge Deficit: The teacher education program does not place a premium on subject knowledge. Regarding the topic expertise of the student teacher, the whole teaching process remains agnostic.
Steps taken to improve quality of teachers training:
- Justice Verma Committee: Many measures are being made in India to improve teacher education quality. The creation of the Justice Verma Commission is one of the most recent steps.
- The formation of the Justice Verma committee and the MHRD’s efforts to establish a comprehensive framework to improve the status of TEIs are positive milestones in the right direction, but there is still a long way to go.
Key recommendations to improve quality of teachers training:
- The government should boost its investment in teacher education institutes (TEIs) and expand the capacity of teacher preparation institutions.
- Given the diversity of local situations, the government may consider creating a transparent pre-entry assessment method for candidates to the pre-service teacher education program.
- The first professional degree/diploma should be provided solely in face-to-face mode. There is a need to create broad-based norms for teacher educators’ qualifications providing chances for practicing teachers to teach in teacher education programs.
- There is a pressing need to construct a comprehensive program for secondary school teachers’ continuous professional development and to increase investment in education research and the establishment of an inter-university center for teacher education.
- Create a TEAAC (Teacher Education Assessment and Accreditation Centre).Each teacher education institute may have a specialized school connected to it as a laboratory.
- The Scheme of Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya National Mission on Teachers and Teaching is the culmination of the Government of India efforts in launching a comprehensive umbrella scheme aimed at improving the quality of education at all levels by infusing quality and excellence in our teachers and teaching.
Steps taken by government to ensure right to education:
- Right to Education Act:
- Every kid from 6 to 14 years old has the right to a free and obligatory education. This is mentioned in Article 21A of the 86th Constitution Amendment Act. This change is intended to be implemented through the Right to Education Act.
- All students would get a free education in government schools, which will be administered by School Management Committees (SMC). Private schools are required to admit at least 25% of their students without charge.
- The National Commission for Primary Education will be established to oversee all elements of elementary education, including the quality of instruction.
- The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017.
- All children in India between the ages of six and fourteen are entitled to free and compulsory schooling.
- No kid shall be held back, expelled, or forced to take a board test until they have completed primary school.
- Education reform is urgently needed, and strict laws and regulations should be implemented.
- Creating an effective test system to prevent those who aren’t qualified from entering the system.
- Periodic training and workshops should be provided to enable teachers to stay informed about current initiatives to enhance the educational system.
- Aligning national teacher education systems with global education systems. Emphasis should be placed on the moral and ethical aspects of teacher education.
- Need for a comprehensive policy to combat corruption in the area of education Measures of 360-degree performance evaluation related to outcomes will have a major influence on the quality of teachers.
- Increased funding for education, the appointment of an ombudsman, and the establishment of a legislative framework to handle the problem.
- The need for HEERA (Higher education empowerment regulation agency) to replace the UGC and AICTE, as well as the 360-degree assessment cycle and other factors, might be considered.
- Conduct various seminars , training procedures to improve quality of teaching
- Promote and conduct innovation and research in various areas of teacher education.
Education is the sole instrument that may help a person overcome most of life’s difficulties. We will be able to properly exploit our demographic dividend if we can provide good education to our country’s children and young. The fight against the corrupt system has already begun, and we must continue to support it no matter what. It is only feasible if the minds of those who are behind the corrupt system are transformed, and the government must take appropriate actions to achieve this. One of a person’s most fundamental requirements is education. Every nation’s goal should be to provide high-quality education. The quality of education is determined by the quality of the teacher, and teacher quality is developed through teacher education programs. The teacher education program is the foundation of a country’s educational system.
Mains oriented question:
In India, teacher education has to be overhauled immediately. Examine. (200 words)