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Upgraded BrahMos missile

Upgraded BrahMos missile

Tag:GS3 || Science and technology || Defence || Military technology

Why in news ?

  • The upgraded version of the homegrown BrahMos missile with an enhanced range of up to 500 km is ready, the CEO of BrahMosAerospace, Sudhir Kumar Mishra, has said
  • It is possible to increase the range of this missile because India is now a part of the elite Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).

About BrahMos Missile :

  • The name BrahMos is formed from names of two rivers i.e. Indian river Brahmaputra and the Moskva River of Russia.
  • Manufacturer: The missile is manufactured at BrahMos Aerospace Limited which is a joint venture between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM).
  • Strategic Importance: The supersonic cruise missile is a strategic asset for India as in case of any possible threats from China and Pakistan it would act as deterrence against them.
  • Deployed: It has been operationalised in Indian Army, Indian Air Force (IAF) and Indian Navy.
  • Features: It is often described as the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile. It is highly versatile thus can be fired from land, sea and air with a high rate of precision and accuracy. In modern-day complex battlefields, Brahmos has established itself as a major force multiplier with its impeccable land-attack, anti-ship capabilities along with a high rate of precision and accuracy. It also has multi-role and multi-platform abilities.
  • Brahmos has become a weapon of choice and the steep 90-degree version has become an ultimate aircraft carrier killer.
  • India is now the only country in the world to integrate long-range missiles onto fighter jets after the BrahMos missile was test-fired from a Sukhoi 30 aircraft of the Indian Air Force.

Types of Cruise missile depending on speed :

  • Subsonic Cruise missile : Subsonic cruise missile flies at a speed lesser than that of sound. It travels at a speed of around 0.8 Mach. The well-known subsonic missile is the American Tomahawk cruise missile. Some other examples are Harpoon of USA and Exocet of France. In India we are developing – Missile Nirbhaya.
  • Supersonic cruise missile : Supersonic cruise missile travels at a speed of around 2-3 Mach i.e.; it travels a kilometre approximately in a second. The modular design of the missile and its capability of being launched at different orientations enable it to be integrated with a wide spectrum of platforms like warships, submarines, different types of aircraft, mobile autonomous launchers and silos.
  • Hypersonic cruise missile :Hypersonic cruise missile travels at a speed of more than 5 Mach. Many countries are working to develop hypersonic cruise missiles. BrahMos Aerospace is also in the process of developing a hypersonic cruise missile, BRAHMOS-II, which would fly at a speed greater than 5 Mach.

Additional references : https://youtu.be/h75cTJS9bbw