Art & Culture
Governance & Social Justice
- Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)
- PIB Card initiative for Journalists
- The Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019
- IIT-Delhi scientists create ‘DotBook’
- Private member’s Bill calls for two-child norm
- Why snakebite should be health priority in India?
- Multidimensional Poverty Index 2019
- Pradhan Mantra Shram Yogi Mandhan (PMSYM) scheme
- Menstrual cups
- National Data Quality Forum (NDQF)
- American Military Base in Sri Lanka?
- Importance of Indo Pacific region
- India extended 28 billion dollar loan to 63 countries
- India Pakistan Airspace Issue
- Iran’s nuclear enrichment
- Japan South Korea Tensions
- Kulbhushan Jadhav Case Verdict
- New Chinese military base in Cambodia
- New Currency ECO in Africa
- Pakistan Reko Diq Case
- PM Modi at Russia’s Eastern Economic Forum 2019
- RCEP and CPTPP Difference explained
- Trump The First US President To Enter North Korea -Impact on Iran
- Turkey Out of F – 35 Programme by USA
- US adds Balochistan Liberation Army to terrorism
- Boris Johnson – New prime Minister of UK
- Iran UK ship hijack controversy
- Kartarpur corridor
- Saudi arabia become member of FATF
- Motor vehicles (amendment) bill 2019
- Benefits of Kisan Credit Card extended to fishermen
- Bimal jalan committee Report
- Nandan Nilekani committee Report
- National dairy plan funded by world
- Utkarsh 2022 by RBI
- What are BASEL 3 norms ?
- Global innovation index 2019
- 19th financial stability report by the Reserve Bank of India
- Corporate bond market in india
- How nudge theory of Richard thaler work in economy ?
- India’s first Overseas Bond
- Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
- Reforming public sector bank of India
- SFURTI scheme
- The Goa government is planning to ply ‘water taxis’ in its inland waterways
- Sahiwal Cattle
Defence & Security
Science & Technology
- Uttarakhand to produce green power from pine needles
- Why is the litchi toxin causing deaths?
- Chandrayaan 2 launch by ISRO
- China’s Space Station Crashes on Earth – What is Tiangong 2
- Dragonfly Mission to explore Life on Titan
- INS Sagardhwani
- NASA’s Thirty Meter Telescope Controversy
- NASA’s PUNCH Mission to Study Sun and Space Weather
- Upgraded BrahMos missile
- Why Methane is Important for Life on Mars?
- WHO declares Sri Lanka measles free nation
- India develops new groundnut line with desirable oil quality
- Russia wants ban on Anti satellite weapon test
- DNA profiling bill
- Desert Locusts incursion in India
- How global warming could impact jobs in India?
- Immunocontraceptive Project of Environment Ministry
- Jalyukta Shivar Scheme
- Coral Rehabilitation Programme
- Feral dogs Menace in Ladakh
- Tamil Nadu’s State Butterfly Declared – Tamil yeoman
- Dracaena cambodiana : India’s first dragon blood-oozing tree
- Mediterranean sharks face risk of ‘disappearing’
- Tiger population increasing in India
- What is Blue Flag certification
- Masai giraffes declared endangered
Tag:GS3 || Science and technology || Defence || Military technology
Why in news ?
- The upgraded version of the homegrown BrahMos missile with an enhanced range of up to 500 km is ready, the CEO of BrahMosAerospace, Sudhir Kumar Mishra, has said
- It is possible to increase the range of this missile because India is now a part of the elite Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
About BrahMos Missile :
- The name BrahMos is formed from names of two rivers i.e. Indian river Brahmaputra and the Moskva River of Russia.
- Manufacturer: The missile is manufactured at BrahMos Aerospace Limited which is a joint venture between India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM).
- Strategic Importance: The supersonic cruise missile is a strategic asset for India as in case of any possible threats from China and Pakistan it would act as deterrence against them.
- Deployed: It has been operationalised in Indian Army, Indian Air Force (IAF) and Indian Navy.
- Features: It is often described as the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile. It is highly versatile thus can be fired from land, sea and air with a high rate of precision and accuracy. In modern-day complex battlefields, Brahmos has established itself as a major force multiplier with its impeccable land-attack, anti-ship capabilities along with a high rate of precision and accuracy. It also has multi-role and multi-platform abilities.
- Brahmos has become a weapon of choice and the steep 90-degree version has become an ultimate aircraft carrier killer.
- India is now the only country in the world to integrate long-range missiles onto fighter jets after the BrahMos missile was test-fired from a Sukhoi 30 aircraft of the Indian Air Force.
Types of Cruise missile depending on speed :
- Subsonic Cruise missile : Subsonic cruise missile flies at a speed lesser than that of sound. It travels at a speed of around 0.8 Mach. The well-known subsonic missile is the American Tomahawk cruise missile. Some other examples are Harpoon of USA and Exocet of France. In India we are developing – Missile Nirbhaya.
- Supersonic cruise missile : Supersonic cruise missile travels at a speed of around 2-3 Mach i.e.; it travels a kilometre approximately in a second. The modular design of the missile and its capability of being launched at different orientations enable it to be integrated with a wide spectrum of platforms like warships, submarines, different types of aircraft, mobile autonomous launchers and silos.
- Hypersonic cruise missile :Hypersonic cruise missile travels at a speed of more than 5 Mach. Many countries are working to develop hypersonic cruise missiles. BrahMos Aerospace is also in the process of developing a hypersonic cruise missile, BRAHMOS-II, which would fly at a speed greater than 5 Mach.
Additional references : https://youtu.be/h75cTJS9bbw