Art & Culture
Governance & Social Justice
- Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)
- PIB Card initiative for Journalists
- The Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019
- IIT-Delhi scientists create ‘DotBook’
- Private member’s Bill calls for two-child norm
- Why snakebite should be health priority in India?
- Multidimensional Poverty Index 2019
- Pradhan Mantra Shram Yogi Mandhan (PMSYM) scheme
- Menstrual cups
- National Data Quality Forum (NDQF)
- American Military Base in Sri Lanka?
- Importance of Indo Pacific region
- India extended 28 billion dollar loan to 63 countries
- India Pakistan Airspace Issue
- Iran’s nuclear enrichment
- Japan South Korea Tensions
- Kulbhushan Jadhav Case Verdict
- New Chinese military base in Cambodia
- New Currency ECO in Africa
- Pakistan Reko Diq Case
- PM Modi at Russia’s Eastern Economic Forum 2019
- RCEP and CPTPP Difference explained
- Trump The First US President To Enter North Korea -Impact on Iran
- Turkey Out of F – 35 Programme by USA
- US adds Balochistan Liberation Army to terrorism
- Boris Johnson – New prime Minister of UK
- Iran UK ship hijack controversy
- Kartarpur corridor
- Saudi arabia become member of FATF
- Motor vehicles (amendment) bill 2019
- Benefits of Kisan Credit Card extended to fishermen
- Bimal jalan committee Report
- Nandan Nilekani committee Report
- National dairy plan funded by world
- Utkarsh 2022 by RBI
- What are BASEL 3 norms ?
- Global innovation index 2019
- 19th financial stability report by the Reserve Bank of India
- Corporate bond market in india
- How nudge theory of Richard thaler work in economy ?
- India’s first Overseas Bond
- Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
- Reforming public sector bank of India
- SFURTI scheme
- The Goa government is planning to ply ‘water taxis’ in its inland waterways
- Sahiwal Cattle
Defence & Security
Science & Technology
- Uttarakhand to produce green power from pine needles
- Why is the litchi toxin causing deaths?
- Chandrayaan 2 launch by ISRO
- China’s Space Station Crashes on Earth – What is Tiangong 2
- Dragonfly Mission to explore Life on Titan
- INS Sagardhwani
- NASA’s Thirty Meter Telescope Controversy
- NASA’s PUNCH Mission to Study Sun and Space Weather
- Upgraded BrahMos missile
- Why Methane is Important for Life on Mars?
- WHO declares Sri Lanka measles free nation
- India develops new groundnut line with desirable oil quality
- Russia wants ban on Anti satellite weapon test
- DNA profiling bill
- Desert Locusts incursion in India
- How global warming could impact jobs in India?
- Immunocontraceptive Project of Environment Ministry
- Jalyukta Shivar Scheme
- Coral Rehabilitation Programme
- Feral dogs Menace in Ladakh
- Tamil Nadu’s State Butterfly Declared – Tamil yeoman
- Dracaena cambodiana : India’s first dragon blood-oozing tree
- Mediterranean sharks face risk of ‘disappearing’
- Tiger population increasing in India
- What is Blue Flag certification
- Masai giraffes declared endangered
Tag: GS 1 || History ||Medieval History || Sikhs
Why In News?
- Recently a statue of Ranjit Singh, who ruled Punjab for almost four decades (1801-39), was inaugurated in Lahore. June 27 is his death anniversary. His legacy endures for Punjab is around the world.
Ranjit Singh: Life and times
- Ranjit Singh was born on November 13, 1780, in Gujranwala, now in Pakistan.
- At that time, Punjab was ruled by powerful chieftains who had divided the territory into Misls.
- Ranjit Singh overthrew the warring Misls and established a unified Sikh empire after he conquered Lahore in 1799.
- He was given the title Lion of Punjab (Sher-e-Punjab) because he stemmed the tide of Afghan invaders in Lahore, which remained his capital until his death.
- His general Hari Singh Nalwa built the Fort of Jamrud at the mouth of the Khyber Pass, the route the foreign rulers took to invade India.
- At the time of his death, he was the only sovereign leader left in India, all others have come under the control of the East India Company in some way or the other.
Held a powerful and modernized Army.
- Ranjit Singh’s combined the strong points of the traditional Khalsa army with western advances in warfare to raise Asia’s most powerful indigenous army of that time.
- His army was a match for the one raised by the East India Company.
- He appointed French General Jean Franquis Allard to modernize his army.
- He also employed a large number of European officers, especially French, to train his troops.
- During the Battle of Chillianwala, the second of the Anglo-Sikh wars that followed Ranjit Singh’s death, the British suffered the maximum casualties of officers in their entire history in India.
His quest for empire
- Ranjit Singh’s trans-regional empire spread over several states. His empire included the former Mughal provinces of Lahore and Multan besides part of Kabul and the entire Peshawar.
- The boundaries of his state went up to Ladakh — Zorawar Singh, a general from Jammu, had conquered Ladakh in Ranjit Singh’s name — in the northeast.
- His empire extended till Khyber pass in the northwest, and up to Panjnad in the south where the five rivers of Punjab fell into the Indus.
- During his regime, Punjab was a land of six rivers, the sixth being the Indus.
- The Maharaja was known for his just and secular rule; both Hindus and Muslims were given powerful positions in his Darbar.
- The Sikhs take pride in him for he turned Harimandir Sahib at Amritsar into the Golden Temple by covering it with gold.
- Right at the doorstep of the sanctum sanctorum of the temple is a plaque that details how in 1830 AD, the Maharaja did sewa over 10 years.
- He is also credited with funding Hazoor Sahib gurudwara at the final resting place of Guru Gobind Singh in Nanded, Maharashtra.
- In 2016, the town of St Tropez in France unveiled the maharaja’s bronze statue as a mark of respect.
- Today, his throne is displayed prominently at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.
- Exhibitions on his rule are frequent in western countries home to the Punjabi diaspora.
- Last year, London hosted an exhibition that focused on the history of the Sikh Empire and the international relations forged by the Maharaja.
Discuss the legacy of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his contributions to the Sikh community.