- 10% Quota for general category
- NITI Aayog proposes all India Judicial Service Examination
- CAG Report on government spending
- Need for Citizenship (Amendment) Bill
- Clause 6 of Assam accord : indepth analysis
- Collegium system for appointment of judges
- Fear of Executive Courts
- Tamilnadu Reservation Policy
Governance & Social Justice
- Bhasha Sangam Program : Celebration of Linguistic Diversity
- Cabinet approves revision in list of scheduled tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
- Does India need a coal commission?
- Concerns in Ayushman Bharat
- Depression at workplaces : A major health issue in India
- How to bridge Gender gap in India : Mckinsey Global Institute Report
- Government plans to rename Indian Forest Service
- IGOT Program for Competent Civil Services
- Indian Medical Council Amendment Bill 2018
- National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy
- Government bats for National Medical Devices Promotion Council
- Parental consent for vaccination
- India Signs Agreement with OECD for PISA 2021
- Kerala’s wall of resistance
- Should an IAS officer use Social Media?
- Social media addiction
- Legal Status for SSC
- Tripal Talaq Bill 2018
- Web Wonder Women Campaign by Ministry of WCD
- West Bengal Leaves Ayushman Bharat : In-depth Analysis
- Why Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Is Important For India
- What Is The Asia Reassurance Initiative Act
- E-Passport for Indians
- What Is G-77
- Failed Coup In Gabon
- Bagladesh Election
- Powering South Asian Integration
- ISRO’S New Station In Bhutan
- Kenya Replace Pictures Of Leaders on Coins With Animal
- Macedonia Name Change
- Why Norway Is Important For India
- Why India Need Membership Of NSG
- Pakistan Declared A Hindu Temple A Heritage Site
- Raisina Dialogue 2019
- India’s Republic Day Guest
- India To Take Over Sittwe Port Operation In Myanmar
- U.S. Mexico Border
- US Government Shutdown
- US Venezuela Crisis
- What is Angel Investment?
- Byorung Bridge
- India’s Airport Privatization Plan
- Rationalisation of GST Rates
- 1st Advance Estimates of Economic Growth by CSO
- Democracy Index 2018
- E-DRISHTI Software by Ministry of Railways
- What is GAFA tax
- Ganga Expressway to be Built in UP
- Green-Ag Project launched by India with UN FAO
- Issue of Tax Evasion under GST
- Improvements under GST Regime
- ICAT Certification for Automobilies
- What is Indian Bridge management System?
- Draft Information Technology Amendmenet Rules 2018
- Jamrani multipurpose DAM Project
- What is KALIA Scheme?
- MANDAL DAM
- Mega Merger!
- MSP for minor forest produce
- NITI Aayog suggestions on farm Economy
- India’s first vertical-lift Bridge
- Paradip Hyderabad pipeline
- Measures to address issues in Sugar industry
- Capital infusion in PSBs
- Renukaji dam
- PM Modi inaugrates Rice Research Institute
- Section 74 of the insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
- Social & Environmental Cost of Building dams
- Solar feeder Maharashtra model
- RBI Tokenisation
- Sikkim-Universal basic income
- Global Risks Report 2019
Science & Technology
- Why Beech Trees Dying
- Beat Plastic Pollution Resolve by India
- Why USA Is Killings California Sea Lions
- Carbon Tax
- China’s War On Particulate Air Pollution Is Causing More Serve Ozone Pollution
- CITES Washington Convention
- Coastal Regulation Zone
- Melting Ice Sheets And Release Of methane
- National Clean Air Programme Feature &Critical Analysis
- Oceans Are Heating Up 40% Faster Than Previous Estimates
- Revival Of Iran’s Lake Urmia
- India submitted sixth national report to Convention on Biological Diversity
- How Wild Fire Affect crop and vegetation Production
- NITI Aayog’s SDG Index
Spice of the Month
- Prelims bits || Reports & Indices
Why in news?
- NITI Ayog has recently released SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) Index, 2018 which demarcates the improvement made by states of India, released on Baseline Report 2018.
- In Sept, 2018, NITI Ayog developed SDG in collaboration with the UN to assess how efficiently those goals have been achieved by the states.
- There are 17 SDGs proposed by the UN, while NITI Ayog has adopted 13 out of them, leaving goal 12, 13, 14 and 17.
- India has scored 57 in achieving the SDG in the whole world.
Toppers in the Index
- Himachal Pradesh and Kerala are the best performing states while Chandigarh is the UT acing in this index.
Analysis of States’ Performance
- Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have performed poorly in this ranking.
- Removal of Poverty and Inequality
- Kerala – Good healthcare, good in achieving hunger, reducing gender quality and giving quality education
- Himachal Pradesh – Providing clean water and sanitation, reducing inequality and preserving mountain ecosystems.
- Chandigarh – Providing clean water and sanitation and also providing quality education.
Toppers in Various Performances
- Poverty Reduction – Tamil Nadu is best performer in this
- Quality Education – Kerala
- Facilitating Good Healthcare and Well-being – Kerala and Tamil Nadu have topped in it together
- Gender Equality – Sikkim, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Chandigarh have performed good in this.
- Grass-root-level changes – There should be a participatory approach by the several stakeholders within the states.
- Competition – among different states, key factor in achieving SDGs. Cooperative Competitive Federalism
- Index – tool for various recommendations e.g. Finance Commission can use it for various recommendations to the union government
- Population – India has 17% population of the world, If the nation progress in achieving SDGs, it will propel all the growth inclusively
Prelims bits –
Sustainable Development Goals
- Born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.
- There are 17 goals, adopted by the UN. All 17 Goals interconnect, meaning success in one affects success for others.
- Objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing our world.
- The SDGs coincided with another historic agreement reached in 2015 at the COP21 Paris Climate Conference. Together with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, signed in Japan in March 2015.
- Replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), started in 2000 to tackle the indignity of poverty. The MDGs established measurable, universally-agreed objectives for tackling extreme poverty and hunger, preventing deadly diseases, and expanding primary education to all children, among other development priorities.
- Key MDG achievements
- More than 1 billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty (since 1990)
- Child mortality dropped by more than half (since 1990)
- The number of out of school children has dropped by more than half (since 1990)
- HIV/AIDS infections fell by almost 40 percent (since 2000)