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NCRB’s Crime in India 2017 report

NCRB’s Crime in India 2017 report

Tag: GS 3 || Security || Tackling Security Threats || Criminal Justice System

 Why In News?

  • After a delay of two years the annual Crime in India Report 2017 was published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).

 Highlights

Crime against women

  • As per the report, 359849 cases of crime against women were reported in the country.
  • Uttar Pradesh topped the list with 56,011 cases followed by Maharashtra with 31,979 cases and West Bengal 30,002.
  • Majority of cases under crimes against women were registered under ‘Cruelty by Husband or hisRelatives(9%) followed by Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (21.7%),Kidnapping & Abduction of Women’ (20.5%) and Rape’ (7.0%),” the report said.

 Riots

  • As per the report, 58,880 incidents of rioting were reported, of which the maximum incidents were reported from Bihar – 11,698, followed by Uttar Pradesh – 8,990 and Maharashtra – 7,743.
  • Of the total riots reported, communal and sectarian riots accounted for 723 and 183 incidents respectively.
  • There were 805 riots due to caste conflict and 1909 riots occurred due to political reasons, the report said.

 Hate Crimes

  • The incidents registered under the Scheduled Caste Prevention of Atrocities Act saw an increase from 5,082 incidents reported in 2016 to 5,775 in 2017.
  • Incidents of crime related to Scheduled Tribes dipped from 844 in 2016 to 720 in 2017.

 Crime against Children

  • A total of 95,893 cases of kidnapping and abduction were registered during 2017, showing an increase of 0% over 2016 (88,008 cases).
  • A total of 63,349 children (20,555 male, 42,691 female and 103 transgender) were reported missing in 2017.
  • During the year 2017, a total of 70,440 children were recovered/traced,” the report said.

New categories

 Fake news

  • The NCRB for the first time collected data on circulation of “false/fake news and rumours.”
  • Under the category, maximum incidents were reported from Madhya Pradesh (138),Uttar Pradesh (32) and Kerala (18).

 Anti-National activities

  • A new category of offences committed by various categories of “Anti-National Elements” was included.
  • It showed that the maximum offences were committed by Left Wing Extremist (LWE) operatives (652), followed by North East insurgents (421) and Terrorists (Jihadi and other elements) (371).
  • The maximum number of killings was carried out by LWE insurgents (82).
  • As many as 72 of these killings took place in Chhattisgarh. This was followed by killings by terrorists (36) — 34 in J&K alone. North East insurgents killed 10 people.

 No data on lynching

  • The data collected under the new sub-heads of death due to mob lynching, murder by influential people, killing ordered by khap panchayat and murder committed for religious reason have not been published.
  • This data was ready and fully compiled and
  • The decision to collect data on lynchings had been taken in the wake of a spate of lynching incidents across the country through 2015-16.
  • The idea was that such data collection would help the government formulate its policies better in tackling these crimes.
  • Lynchings happen for a variety of reasons which include suspicion of theft, child lifting, cattle smuggling or communal reasons.

 Cyber Crimes

  • Bengaluru topped the list among metropolitan cities across the country in terms of number of cybercrimes

Bengaluru was followed by Mumbai and Jaipur.

Analysis of Data

  • For the first time, the NCRB has introduced categories of cyber crimes against women and children.
  • For the first time, the NCRB has provides crime record against dalits.
  • In the case of women and children, the NCRB has this time recorded data for “murder with rape“.
  • 33885 cases of rape reported against women and 227 women were murdered.
  • The NCRB has removed the category of gangrape that was introduced to the NCRB database following the December 2012 gangrape case.
  • In the latest report, the NCRB, besides the numbers, has also recorded the period of pendency.

 What are the key drawbacks in the report?

  • The report omits data on mob lynchings, khap killings, murder by influential people and killings for religious reasons.
  • The total number of crimes committed against women country-wide increased by 6% since 2016, while those against dalits went up by 13%.
  • The report uses the census base year as 2001 to calculate crime rates for States and 2011 for metropolitan cities.
  • A few months ago, government officials had blamed the States of West Bengal and Bihar for lackadaisical responses in sending data in this regard.
  • The NCRB data on crime hide significant variances in case registration of serious crimes such as rapes and violence against women across States.

Additional Info

  • NCRB, headquartered in New Delhi, was set-up in 1986under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s Task Force (1985).
  • NCRB brings out the annual comprehensive statistics of crime across the country (‘Crime in India’ report).
  • Being published since 1953, the report serves as a crucial tool in understanding the law and order situation across the country.

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/30-jump-in-crimes-against-state-ncrb/article29771116.ece

 Mains  Question

  • How does National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) report will help to reduce the crimes rate in different states of India?