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National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy

National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy

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  • GS 2 || Governance || Adminstrative Bodies || Regulatory

 Why in News?

  • The Cabinet has approved the draft National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine (NCIM) Bill, 2018, which seeks to replace the existing regulator Central Council for Indian Medicine (CCIM) with a new body to ensure transparency.

 Basic Info

  • National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine (NCIM) Bill, 2018 is on the lines of the National Medical Commission Bill
    • The NCIM will promote the availability of affordable health care services in all parts of the country.

National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2018

  • The National Commission for Homeopathy, recently approved by the Union Cabinet, seeks to replace the existing regulator Central Council of Homoeopathy.
  • Bringing reforms in the medical education of homeopathy in line with the National Medical Commission proposed for setting up for allopathy system of medicine.
  • To promote transparency and accountability.

 About the Bill-Salient Features

 

National Commission with four autonomous boards

  • The draft bill provides for the constitution of a National Commission with four autonomous boards entrusted with conducting the overall education of Ayurveda, under Board of Ayurveda and Unani, Siddha &Sowarigpa under Board of Unaini, Siddha and Sowarigpa.

Common entrance exam and an exit exam

  • It also proposes a common entrance exam and an exit exam, which all graduates will have to clear to get practicing licenses. Further, a teacher’s eligibility test has been proposed in the Bill to assess the standard of teachers before appointment and promotions.

There are two common Boards, namely

  • Board of assessment and rating to assess and grant permission to educational institutions of Indian systems of Medicine
  • Board of ethics and registration of practitioners of Indian systems of medicine to maintain National Register and ethical issues relating to practice under the National Commission for Indian Medicine.

 Background-Indian Systems of Medicine

  • India has recognized six systems of medicine viz. Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Yoga, Naturopathy and Homoeopathy.
  • The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) were formed on 9th November 2014.
  • Unani System of Medicine
  • Unani system originated in Greece and its foundation, was laid by
    • However, the system owes its present form to the Arabs who not only saved much of the Greek literature by rendering it into Arabic ,but also enriched the medicine of their day with their own contributions.
    • It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century.
    • India has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions.
  • Ayurveda
    • The word ‘Ayurveda’ has derived out of fusion of two separate words- ‘Áyu’ i.e. life and ‘veda’ i.e. knowledge. Thus, in the literal meaning Ayurveda is the science of life.
    • It aims to keep structural and functional entities in a state of equilibrium, which signifies good health (Swasthya) through various procedures, regimen, diet, medicines and behavior change.
  • Siddha system
    • Siddha system of medicine is practiced in some parts of South India especially in the state of Tamil Nadu.
    • The term ‘Siddha’ has come from ‘Siddhi’- which means achievement. Siddhars were the men who achieved supreme knowledge in the field of medicine, yoga or tapa (meditation).
  • Sowa-Rigpa
    • “Sowa-Rigpa” commonly known as the Tibetan system of medicine is one of the oldest, living and well documented medical tradition of the world.
    • It has been originated from Tibet and popularly practiced in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia and Russia. The majority of theory and practice of Sowa-Rigpa is similar to “Ayurveda”.
    • Sowa-Rigpa is based on the principle that the bodies of all the living beings and non living objects of the universe are composed of five Cosmo physical elements of Jung-wa-nga (Prithvi, Jal, Agni, Vayu and Akash).
    • When the proportion of these elements is an imbalance in our body, the disorder results.
    • It was recognized by the Government in 2011.
  • Homeopathy
    • The word ‘Homoeopathy’ is derived from two Greek words, Homo means similar and pathos meaning suffering. It was introduced in India in the 18th Century.
    • Homeopathy simply means treating diseases with remedies, prescribed in minute doses, which are capable of producing symptoms similar to the disease when taken by healthy people, i.e.principle of – “Similia Similibus Curantur” which means “likes are cured by likes”.
    • It takes a holistic approach towards the sick individual through the promotion of inner balance at mental, emotional, spiritual and physical levels.

 Additional Info

  • Composition of Commission
    • A Chairperson
    • 12 ex-officio Members
    • 16 part-time Members
  • Power and functions of commission
    • Lay down policies for maintaining a high quality and high standards in education of Indian System of Medicine and make necessary regulations in this behalf.
    • Lay down policies for regulating medical institutions, medical researches and medical professionals and make necessary regulations in this behalf.
    • Assess the requirements in healthcare, including human resources for health and healthcare infrastructure and develop a road map for meeting such requirements.
    • Frame guidelines and lay down policies by making such regulations as may be necessary for the proper functioning of the Commission, the Autonomous Boards and the State Medical Councils of Indian System of Medicine.
    • Ensure coordination among the Autonomous Boards.
    • Take such measures, as may be necessary, to ensure compliance by the State Medical Councils of Indian System of Medicine of the guidelines framed and regulations made under this Act for their effective functioning under this Act.
    • Exercise appellate jurisdiction with respect to decisions of the Autonomous Boards.
  • Ensure observance of professional ethics in Medical profession and to promote ethical conduct during the provision of care by medical practitioners.

 Mains Question

  • Features of the proposed National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine (NCIM) Bill, 2018