- 10% Quota for general category
- NITI Aayog proposes all India Judicial Service Examination
- CAG Report on government spending
- Need for Citizenship (Amendment) Bill
- Clause 6 of Assam accord : indepth analysis
- Collegium system for appointment of judges
- Fear of Executive Courts
- Tamilnadu Reservation Policy
Governance & Social Justice
- Bhasha Sangam Program : Celebration of Linguistic Diversity
- Cabinet approves revision in list of scheduled tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
- Does India need a coal commission?
- Concerns in Ayushman Bharat
- Depression at workplaces : A major health issue in India
- How to bridge Gender gap in India : Mckinsey Global Institute Report
- Government plans to rename Indian Forest Service
- IGOT Program for Competent Civil Services
- Indian Medical Council Amendment Bill 2018
- National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy
- Government bats for National Medical Devices Promotion Council
- Parental consent for vaccination
- India Signs Agreement with OECD for PISA 2021
- Kerala’s wall of resistance
- Should an IAS officer use Social Media?
- Social media addiction
- Legal Status for SSC
- Tripal Talaq Bill 2018
- Web Wonder Women Campaign by Ministry of WCD
- West Bengal Leaves Ayushman Bharat : In-depth Analysis
- Why Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Is Important For India
- What Is The Asia Reassurance Initiative Act
- E-Passport for Indians
- What Is G-77
- Failed Coup In Gabon
- Bagladesh Election
- Powering South Asian Integration
- ISRO’S New Station In Bhutan
- Kenya Replace Pictures Of Leaders on Coins With Animal
- Macedonia Name Change
- Why Norway Is Important For India
- Why India Need Membership Of NSG
- Pakistan Declared A Hindu Temple A Heritage Site
- Raisina Dialogue 2019
- India’s Republic Day Guest
- India To Take Over Sittwe Port Operation In Myanmar
- U.S. Mexico Border
- US Government Shutdown
- US Venezuela Crisis
- What is Angel Investment?
- Byorung Bridge
- India’s Airport Privatization Plan
- Rationalisation of GST Rates
- 1st Advance Estimates of Economic Growth by CSO
- Democracy Index 2018
- E-DRISHTI Software by Ministry of Railways
- What is GAFA tax
- Ganga Expressway to be Built in UP
- Green-Ag Project launched by India with UN FAO
- Issue of Tax Evasion under GST
- Improvements under GST Regime
- ICAT Certification for Automobilies
- What is Indian Bridge management System?
- Draft Information Technology Amendmenet Rules 2018
- Jamrani multipurpose DAM Project
- What is KALIA Scheme?
- MANDAL DAM
- Mega Merger!
- MSP for minor forest produce
- NITI Aayog suggestions on farm Economy
- India’s first vertical-lift Bridge
- Paradip Hyderabad pipeline
- Measures to address issues in Sugar industry
- Capital infusion in PSBs
- Renukaji dam
- PM Modi inaugrates Rice Research Institute
- Section 74 of the insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
- Social & Environmental Cost of Building dams
- Solar feeder Maharashtra model
- RBI Tokenisation
- Sikkim-Universal basic income
- Global Risks Report 2019
Science & Technology
- Why Beech Trees Dying
- Beat Plastic Pollution Resolve by India
- Why USA Is Killings California Sea Lions
- Carbon Tax
- China’s War On Particulate Air Pollution Is Causing More Serve Ozone Pollution
- CITES Washington Convention
- Coastal Regulation Zone
- Melting Ice Sheets And Release Of methane
- National Clean Air Programme Feature &Critical Analysis
- Oceans Are Heating Up 40% Faster Than Previous Estimates
- Revival Of Iran’s Lake Urmia
- India submitted sixth national report to Convention on Biological Diversity
- How Wild Fire Affect crop and vegetation Production
- NITI Aayog’s SDG Index
Spice of the Month
- GS 3||Economy|| Public Finance || Taxation
Why in News?
- Inflated input tax credit claims as well as devising means to show revenues below the threshold limit are commonplace in the GST era.
Two Crucial Terms
- Input Tax Credit means manufacturers can reclaim their tax for the input they have paid.
- Exepmtion Threshold: Means the upper cap which is setup by the GST council and those manufacturers or those traders or small businesses that fall under the threshold need not to register under the GST. Recently, in the 32nd GST Council, threshold was capped at 40 lakhs than earlier 20 lakhs.
Input Tax Credit
- Decision taken on Input Tax Credit means reducing the taxes paid on inputs from taxes to be paid on output. When any supply of services or goods is supplied to a taxable person, the GST charged is known as Input Tax.
- Input tax credit is being inflated.
- The concept is not entirely new as it already existed under the pre-GST indirect taxes regime (service tax, VAT and excise duty).
- Only its scope has been widened under GST.
- Under the erstwhile Cenvat Credit Rules, there were a number of rules enunciated to claim input tax credit.
- A valid tax invoice was the principal document on which credit could be claimed.
Proliferations of the Decisions
- To Minimise Tax Evasion: Though there were some issues in taxpayers claiming improper credits, the law evolved over a period of time to minimise tax evasionon a large scale.
- Tax authorities have been able to nab and arrest offenders in cases in which ITC claims were extremely high.
- Statistics show that there has been an increase in the number of registrations under GST.
- Earlier, there have been instances wherein a single business has more than one PAN, thereby creating another GST registration.
- The GST framework help in syncing these registrations and linking to PANs.
- The government has recently detected GST evasion to the extent of Rs. 38,896 crores in the period between April-October 2018.
- This shows thatthe evasion of GST is increasing and that the government is aware of this.
- The CGST Act had a Section 9(4) proposed that GST Reverse charge provision be paid on reverse charge for purchases made from unregistered persons.
- For example – If the venders and purchasers of the raw materials and other pertaining things are not registered with GST, they won’t be able to do the business among themselves.
- Reverse charge is a mechanism where the recipient of the goods and/or services is liable to pay GST instead of the supplier.
- If a vendor who is not registered under GST, supplies goods to a person who is registered under GST, then Reverse Charge would apply.
- This means that the GST will have to be paid directly by the receiver to the Government instead of the supplier.
- Implementation of this section has been deferred till September 2019 due to ground-level difficulties in enforcing the provision.
- To postpone registration, issues Invoicing invoice was made under different names, thereby making maximum use of the threshold exemption limit of Rs. 10 lakhs (under service tax).
- Even after the introduction of GST, many taxpayers continue to opt for the easy route of invoicing under multiple names to avoid the threshold of 40 lakhs.
- GST laws used the concept of automatic matching of invoices on the portal to prevent tax evasion.
- The surge in cases of false ITC claims can be attributed to the failure of this concept.
- The frequent deferral of the automatic matching of invoices as well as the ease with which credit could be claimed in the GSTR 3B (monthly return) made taxpayers to either increase claims or delay payments.
- Some taxpayers even claim credits initially and then figuring out how to work around the documentation and compliance.
- HSN (Harmonized System of Nomenclature) code– Compliance with GST involves providing details of HSN code-wise details of outputs and inputs. HSN code was introduced by World Custom Organization in the year 1988.
- The main purpose of HSN is to categorize goods from all over the world in a systematic and logical manner.
- This brings in a uniform classification of goods and facilitates international trade and thus the HSN code system should be simple.
- Unfortunately, the GST tariff as it stands today has a long list of HSN codes with different rates of tax and extremely complex descriptions of items within the codes.
- During the transition into GST, the government has attempted to fit items into the nearest higher rate.
- However, during compliance, some taxpayers made use of the complex descriptions to fit their products into the nearest lower rate thereby minimizing their tax outgo.
Rationales of Executions
- The ideal tax environment is one where tax rates are reasonable, rules are simple, taxpayers are compliant and tax officers aren’t demanding.
- Tax evasions occur when taxpayers are well aware of the loopholes in any law, while continue to evade taxes.
- There are enough and more penal provisions in GST laws to punish the evaders.
- All that the government needs to do is to ensure that the GST environment improves holistically.