- 10% Quota for general category
- NITI Aayog proposes all India Judicial Service Examination
- CAG Report on government spending
- Need for Citizenship (Amendment) Bill
- Clause 6 of Assam accord : indepth analysis
- Collegium system for appointment of judges
- Fear of Executive Courts
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Governance & Social Justice
- Bhasha Sangam Program : Celebration of Linguistic Diversity
- Cabinet approves revision in list of scheduled tribes of Arunachal Pradesh
- Does India need a coal commission?
- Concerns in Ayushman Bharat
- Depression at workplaces : A major health issue in India
- How to bridge Gender gap in India : Mckinsey Global Institute Report
- Government plans to rename Indian Forest Service
- IGOT Program for Competent Civil Services
- Indian Medical Council Amendment Bill 2018
- National Commission for Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy
- Government bats for National Medical Devices Promotion Council
- Parental consent for vaccination
- India Signs Agreement with OECD for PISA 2021
- Kerala’s wall of resistance
- Should an IAS officer use Social Media?
- Social media addiction
- Legal Status for SSC
- Tripal Talaq Bill 2018
- Web Wonder Women Campaign by Ministry of WCD
- West Bengal Leaves Ayushman Bharat : In-depth Analysis
- Why Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Is Important For India
- What Is The Asia Reassurance Initiative Act
- E-Passport for Indians
- What Is G-77
- Failed Coup In Gabon
- Bagladesh Election
- Powering South Asian Integration
- ISRO’S New Station In Bhutan
- Kenya Replace Pictures Of Leaders on Coins With Animal
- Macedonia Name Change
- Why Norway Is Important For India
- Why India Need Membership Of NSG
- Pakistan Declared A Hindu Temple A Heritage Site
- Raisina Dialogue 2019
- India’s Republic Day Guest
- India To Take Over Sittwe Port Operation In Myanmar
- U.S. Mexico Border
- US Government Shutdown
- US Venezuela Crisis
- What is Angel Investment?
- Byorung Bridge
- India’s Airport Privatization Plan
- Rationalisation of GST Rates
- 1st Advance Estimates of Economic Growth by CSO
- Democracy Index 2018
- E-DRISHTI Software by Ministry of Railways
- What is GAFA tax
- Ganga Expressway to be Built in UP
- Green-Ag Project launched by India with UN FAO
- Issue of Tax Evasion under GST
- Improvements under GST Regime
- ICAT Certification for Automobilies
- What is Indian Bridge management System?
- Draft Information Technology Amendmenet Rules 2018
- Jamrani multipurpose DAM Project
- What is KALIA Scheme?
- MANDAL DAM
- Mega Merger!
- MSP for minor forest produce
- NITI Aayog suggestions on farm Economy
- India’s first vertical-lift Bridge
- Paradip Hyderabad pipeline
- Measures to address issues in Sugar industry
- Capital infusion in PSBs
- Renukaji dam
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- Section 74 of the insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
- Social & Environmental Cost of Building dams
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Science & Technology
- Why Beech Trees Dying
- Beat Plastic Pollution Resolve by India
- Why USA Is Killings California Sea Lions
- Carbon Tax
- China’s War On Particulate Air Pollution Is Causing More Serve Ozone Pollution
- CITES Washington Convention
- Coastal Regulation Zone
- Melting Ice Sheets And Release Of methane
- National Clean Air Programme Feature &Critical Analysis
- Oceans Are Heating Up 40% Faster Than Previous Estimates
- Revival Of Iran’s Lake Urmia
- India submitted sixth national report to Convention on Biological Diversity
- How Wild Fire Affect crop and vegetation Production
- NITI Aayog’s SDG Index
Spice of the Month
Does India need a coal commission?
- GS 2 || Governance || Adminstrative Bodies || Regulatory
Why in News?
- With the increasing emphasis on transition to renewable, India is moving away from coal.
- This calls for a coal commission in India, to devise the needed strategy and protect the livelihood of those in the coal belt.
What is Germany’s coal commission for?
- In Germany today, there is an existential tug-of-war between the coal industry and the country’s “coal commission.”
- The Coal commission is formally known as the Committee on Growth, Structural Change and Employment.
- It is slowly but surely setting targets for the phase-out of coal-based power generation from the country’s energy mix.
- The commission, a political settlement mechanism, is made up of 28 members with voting rights.
- It includes trade union leaders, industry associations, academics, and regional representatives.
- The commission will determine how and when coal’s phase-out will occur.
- Besides, one of its key objectives is to prevent massive structural unemployment.
- India is at the early stages of a major energy transition.
- Within a few decades, renewable energy (RE) will become an increasing part of India’s energy mix.
- But India’s thermal coal base still provides over 60% of the country’s overall generation and is still growing.
- More importantly, roughly 15-20 million people in the coal belt are dependent on the coal industry for their livelihood.
- The geography of India’s wind and solar resources versus coal makes it clear that RE jobs will not be coming to the coal belt in large numbers.
- So there is a crucial need for a transition strategy for the coal belt, particularly in eastern India.
- It is high time that India works on a commission similar to that in Germany, for devising a strategy.
Timeline and Measures
- Various central government committees have been set up over the years to look into mining and energy industries.
- In the early 1970s, the Fuel Policy Committee under Sukhomoy Chakrabarty made key recommendations about the direction of Indian energy policy after the oil price shocks.
- In the 1990s, the Chari Committee made recommendations about opening up India’s coal industry to private involvement.
- In the 2000s, the Hoda Committee recommended changes in India’s mineral exploration environment to encourage private mining companies.
- More than a decade later, these ideas are slowly being implemented.
- Finally, the Integrated Energy Policy of 2006 articulated India’s energy security priorities.
- It laid out a roadmap for phasing out capital subsidies and providing early support to RE.
Way forward- About Future
- The government should consider a committee to consider the future of India’s coal industry, and the PSUs engaged in this.
- Companies like Coal India face no immediate threat to either coal demand or their market power.
- But in the future, both these concerns will come up.
- Also, the divergence in economic performance and incomes between India’s states has intensified over the last decade.
- So public spending and investment have become increasingly necessary in poorer states.
- Notably, many coal-bearing states are also in the bottom third of income per capita – Jharkhand, MP, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and WB.
- Public investments can go a long way in addressing the challenges of the region.
- Evidently, PSUs have been fairly well and have continued to operate in eastern India for decades.
- With private investment largely evading the coal belt, PSUs like Coal India have built up considerable social and political capital in these regions.
- This is despite the political complexities, adverse business environment, and infrastructural constraints in the region.
- Indian “coal commission” can assess the feasibility of alternative mechanisms to capitalize on the potential of companies like Coal India in the coal belt.
- The social and political capital that they have created can be used to lead towards other activities.
- These companies could become diversified national champions as part of a new industrial policy for the coal belt.
- Indian coal could be used for non-combustion purposes and the required technologies for such a transition should be adopted.
- g. the Dankuni Coal Complex outside Calcutta-Produce pipe gas