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Democracy Index 2018

Democracy Index 2018


  • GS 3 || Economy || Structure of the Indian Economy || Other Indices & Reports

Why in news?

  • Democracy Index 2018 has been released. It is released annually by The Economist intelligence unit (EIU)


  • The EIU Democracy Index provides a snapshot of the state of world democracy for 165 independent states and two territories.
  • The Democracy Index is based on five categories: electoral process and pluralism; civil liberties; the functioning of government; political participation; and political culture. Based on their scores on 60 indicators within these categories, each country is then itself classified as one of four types of regime: full democracy; flawed democracy; hybrid regime; and authoritarian regime.


  • The eleventh edition of the Democracy Index reveals that political participation is on the rise in almost every region of the world.
  • Whilst clearly disillusioned with formal political institutions, the population has turned anger into action, and turned out to vote, and to protest.
  • The most striking advance has been in the participation of women

Performance of India

  • India is ranked at 41 – a notch above last year. It is still classified as a ‘flawed democracy’ according to the index. India achieved a score of 7.23 on the index to maintain its position – the same it did last year. This is the lowest ever score attributed to India in the index ever since its publication.
  • India ranks below the US (ranked 25th in the index) and other so called ‘flawed democracies’ like Italy, France, Botswana and South Africa.

 Ranking of various countries

Additional information – About flawed democracy

The report defines a flawed democracy as nations that “have free and fair elections and, even if there are problems (such as infringements on media freedom), basic civil liberties are respected. However, there are significant weaknesses in other aspects of democracy, including problems in governance, an underdeveloped political culture and low levels of political participation.”