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International Relations

Bagladesh Election

Bagladesh Election


  • GS2 || International Relations || India & it’s Neighbours || Bangladesh

Why in news?

  • The ruling coalition led by Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of Awami League has registered a landslide victory in Parliamentary elections.
  • The ruling coalition led by Sheikh Hasina’s Awami League party won 288 out of 300 seats which are about 96% of the seats.
  • The general election has given the Grand Alliance, or, more specifically, the Awami League, a huge majority in the Jatiyo Sangshad, the country’s Parliament, to a point where no effective Opposition is in sight.

Conduct of elections

  • A group of foreign and local election observers, who monitored the parliamentary election, has termed the election free, fair, peaceful and on a par with major democratic countries in the world.
  • The foreign observers of Election Monitoring Forum (EMF) and SAARC Human Rights Foundation (SHRF), also said the just concluded election was “much better” than past elections in Bangladesh and could be a “glowing example for other democratic countries”.

Internal political situation of Bangladesh

  • The national politics in Bangladesh has been largely dominated by two parties, the ruling Awami League and the BNP. (Bangladesh Nationalist Party)
  • The two parties lead the Grand Alliance and the Jatiya Oikya Front (JOF), respectively.
  • The main opposition party BNP has been facing a stiff challenge within, as its chairperson and former Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia is serving a five-year jail term in two corruption cases and is ineligible to contest the polls.

How is the win significant for India?

  • India and Bangladesh share a 4,000-km long border that has been marred by ethnic conflicts. Also, Bangladesh is a key component of India’s “Look East” policy.
  • Under Hasina’s regime, India has seen improved bilateral ties and boundary disputes have been settled amicably.
  • Besides this, strong security cooperation was established between the two nations and significant progress was made in settling differences over the Teesta River water sharing. The bilateral trade between the two nations and India’s investment in Bangladesh has also picked up.
  • On the other hand, India’s relationship with the BNP-Jamaat alliance government during 2001-06 was not positive, owing to attacks on Hindus and anti-India activities in the country.

Additional facts

  • Bangladesh Parliament does not have a bicameral legislature like India, Pakistan or the U.S. The Legislature of Bangladesh is unicameral and known as Jatiya Sangsad or House of the Nation’

Additional information – India and Bangladesh relations

  • India and Bangladesh, two South Asian democracies, neighbours have the longest common border of over 4,000 km with each other.
  • India was the first country to recognise Bangladesh as a separate and independent state and established diplomatic relations with the country immediately after its independence in December 1971.
  • India’s connections with Bangladesh are cultural, social, civilizational and economic.
  • But, Bangladesh-India relations are perhaps the most complex bilateral equations in the subcontinent.
  • India welcomed the “successful completion of the parliamentary elections in Bangladesh”. Indian Prime Minister “expressed confidence’’ that the “partnership between India and Bangladesh will continue to flourish under her far-sighted leadership’’.
  • The prime minister also reiterated the priority India attaches to Bangladesh as a neighbour, a close partner for regional development, security and cooperation, and a central pillar in India’s ‘neighborhood first’ policy.
  • However, the India-Bangladesh relations can be summarized as hanging on three ‘T’s- Tackling Terrorism, Trade + Transit, Teesta Treaty.

Additional information

  • Bordering states around Bangladesh