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UN’S WMO : 2018 4th Hottest Year On Record

UN’S WMO : 2018 4th Hottest Year On Record

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GS 3 ||Environment ||Climate Change ||Global Warming

Why in News:

  • Earth’s temperature continues to rise on record level, 2018 is the fourth warmest year consecutively in the history of mankind.

WMO Report:

  • According to the latest World Meteorological Organization’s report (November 2018), these are the some of the formidable data and facts which are vitally to be heeded:
  • World’s average temperature in 2018 was nearly 1C above pre-industrial levels (Pre-Industrial epoch: 1850 – 1900) of the first ten months of 2018. The extremities in the weather have been deteriorating the climate on a continuous basis, resulting in the rise sea-levels and glaciers melting.
  • The past four years have been the hottest on record, 20 warmest years in the past 22 years. It means that 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 were the four warmest years and after 2015, it has only risen. This temperature rise can hit 3C to 5C by 2100, which is indubitably pernicious for the whole world.
  • Warming of the world is indispensably needed to be below than 2C, with an aspiration to limit the rise up to 1.5C.
  • World will have to reduce the emission by 1/3rd in order to attain the 2C level and 1/5th in order to attain 1.5C. In simple terms, world will have to exert triple times than now for not breaching of 2C level.
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report on Global Warming of 1.5°C reported that the average global temperature for the decade 2006-2015 was 0.86°C above the pre-industrial time. The average increase above the same level for the most recent decade 2009-2018 was about 0.93°C and for the past five years, 2014-2018, was 1.04°C above the pre-industrial level.

Alarming Assertion by Dt. Sec. Gen.:

  • “These are more than just numbers. Every fraction of a degree of warming makes a difference to human health and access to food and fresh water, to the extinction of animals and plants, to the survival of coral reefs and marine life.” Asserted by Elena Manaenkova, Deputy Secretary General of WMO.
  • “We are the first generation to fully understand climate change and the last generation to be able to do something about it.” She emphatically added.
  • Jens Mattias Clausen, Greenpeace’s head of delegation at the UN climate change conference (COP24) in Poland, said: “The evidence, if we needed any more, continues to stack up. The record-high heatwaves, record-low Arctic sea ice, above average tropical cyclones and deadly wildfires are an alarm bell impossible to ignore. We’re in the midst of a climate crisis and this meteorological report spells out the worsening threat in startling clarity. It’s no longer our future that is in peril; our today is at risk.”

Repercussions in 2018 of Temperature Rise:

  • 70 tropical cyclones in the northern hemisphere in comparison with long-term average of 53.Storms and devastations in the Mariana Islands, Philippines, Vietnam, the Korean peninsula and Tonga, hurricane Florence and Michael hit US. Wildfires in Greece, Canada, California and other areas, flood of Kerala displaced more than 14 lakh people from their homes this year, Japan also faced the flood and so the east Africa.

Bullets on the Organizations:

  • WMO (World Meteorological Organization): An intergovernmental organization provides details of global, regional and national temperatures and extreme weather events. It also provides information on long-term climate change indicators include atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, sea level rise, and sea ice extent. Successor of IMO founded in 1873.
  • Founded on: March 23, 1950
    H.Q.: Geneva, Switzerland
    President: David Grimes
    Parental Org: UN Economic and Social Council.
    Members: 191 Nations

COP24: (Conference of Parties) 24 at Katowice, Poland:

  • Duration: December 2 – December 14, 2018
  • Location: Katowice, Poland (Poland had held COP 2 more times, in 2013 Warsaw and in 2008 Poznan)
  • Happens with another pseudonym of United Nations Climate Change Conference.
  • First CoP held at Berlin, Germany.
    Well-known Kyoto Protocol (CoP-3) was organized in 1997.
    India hosted CoP once in 2002 at New Delhi.