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Tele-Robotic Surgery

Tele-Robotic Surgery

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GS 3 ||Governance & Social Justice ||Human Development ||Health

Why In NEWS?

  • World’s first telerobotic coronary intervention surgery conducted in Ahmedabad hospital.
  • An Ahmedabad based cardiologist Dr Tejal Patel performed the first ever telerobotic operation on a middle-aged woman.
  • He performed the intervention by operating robotically controlled instruments from a distance of 32 kms .
  • Dr Patel performed the surgery successfully from the Akshardham temple complex in Gandhinagar, while the patient was in the operation theatre of Apex Heart Institute in Ahmedabad.
  • The surgery was watched by Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani, his deputy Nitin Patel and priests of the Akshardham Temple. Its success is expected to pave the way for large-scale, long-distance telerobotic platforms across the globe.
  • With the success of the operation, there is a potential to dramatically increase accessibility of tertiary care for heart and stroke patients in rural areas and areas with a lack of adequate medical service.

Telemedicine

  • Telemedicineis the use of telecommunication and information technology to provide clinical health care from a distance.
  • It has been used to overcome distance barriers and to improve access to medical services that would often not be consistently available in distant rural communities. It is also used to save lives in critical care and emergency situations.

What is a Telerobotic coronary intervention?

  • Telerobotic Coronary intervention is a robotic method of performing surgery.
  • With the help of the internet and a robotic tower, a surgeon is able to treat patients from a distance.
  • The Da Vinci system is the leading surgical robotics technology provider.

The robotic system comprises three parts:

  • A cath lab-integrated robotic arm.
  • A cockpit, from where the cardiologist commands the robot through a
  • A replaceable cassette, which carries the clinical materials for each individual case requirement.

About The Process

  • Cardiac catheterization is a procedure used to diagnose and treat cardiovascular conditions. During cardiac catheterization, a long thin, tube called a catheter is inserted in an artery or vein in your groin, neck or arm and threaded through your blood vessels to your heart.
  • Using this catheter, doctors can then do diagnostic tests as part of a cardiac catheterization. Some heart disease treatments, such as coronary angioplasty, also are done using cardiac catheterization.
  • Usually, you’ll be awake during cardiac catheterization, but given medications to help you relax. Recovery time for a cardiac catheterization is quick, and there’s a low risk of complications.

World’s first telerobotic operation

  • Dr Patel used Jio Band 100 MBPS internet connection to perform this surgery that lasted for about 15 minutes.
  • In telerobotic operations, if any failure or delay in the internet speed is noted, the surgeons present would be able to take over the operation manually within 30 seconds.
  • The robotic system was placed in the operation theatre and Dr Patel was connected to it through high-speed wireless internet.
  • Moving the buttons from the temple, the patient’s arteries were cleaned up and a stent was

Benefits of telerobotic operations

  • Cardiovascular diseases like stroke are a major cause of death worldwide result in about 18 million deaths per year.
  • The telerobotic operation has a potential to contribute largely in the cardiovascular medical emergencies.
  • This technology is especially important for high emergency situations of heart attacks and stroke, where ideal treatment must be received within 90 minutes or 24 hours.
  • This technology will benefit, especially for those groups, who have geographical barriers and socioeconomic status.

Commercializing

  • To improve results in patients, Corindus Vascular Robotics has pioneered the world’s first remote telerobotic interventional platform to deliver highly specialized and timely cardiovascular care to underserved patient populations.
  • After studying the results of telerobotic interventional performed in India, the company is also planning on commercializing the system and expand its interventional platform to address stroke care.