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Spice of the Month

Society & Human Development

# Women's security• J&K has become the first State in the country to bring a law to prevent people in power from exploiting subordinates sexually.
• Governor approved an amendment to the Ranbir Penal Code (RPC), to insert a section to provide for the offence of “sextortion.”
# Girl Education
# Promoting Competitive Federalism
• Karnataka government will bear the educational expenses of girl students pursuing pre-university, graduation, and post-graduation courses in government colleges of the State, from the present academic year. This would help about 3.17 lakh students across the State and would cost ₹95 crore annually.
# Child protection and development• Draft National Child Protection Policy
1. All organizations must have a code of conduct based on “zero tolerance of child abuse and exploitation”.
2. Organizations to lay down that employees don’t use language or behaviour that is “inappropriate, harassing, abusive, sexually provocative, demeaning or culturally inappropriate”.
3. Designated staff member to ensure that procedures are in place to ensure the protection of children as well as to report any abuse.
4. Any individual who suspects physical, sexual or emotional abuse must report it to the helpline number 1098, police or a child welfare committee.
Unlike the National Child Policy, 2013, it doesn’t talk about children who may need special protection: including those affected by migration, communal or sectarian violence, children forced into begging or in conflict with the law, and those infected with HIV/AIDS. It also doesn’t talk about the role of the State for ensuring the protection of child rights or addressing local grievances.
# Tribal Development
# Civic activism
• Tribal groups in Rajasthan have demanded that the next elected government in the State reveal the status of each of the UN SDGs with reference to tribal communities and declare their status targets.
# Health Security
# Weak regulation
# Pharmaceutical Industry
• In a recent study by Manipal College, it has been found that of the 110 anti-TB (tuberculosis) Fixed Dose Combinations (FDCs) available in India, only 30% have been approved by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO). In malaria FDCs, only 40% have been approved.
1. An FDC or combination product is a formulation with more than one active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in a fixed ratio of doses formulated into a single dosage form.
# Healthy India
# Green India
• New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) has tied up with a Hyderabad-based company to set up, operate and maintain world-class Public Bike Sharing (PBS) System. This will help improve fitness, bridge the gap of last-mile connectivity and reduce pollution.
# E-Learning
# Vernacular Learning
• Ganjam district administration is developing a free mobile app to help students of Odia medium schools enhance their knowledge via tutorials in Odia.
# Balkanization of Religion
# Religious harmony
• Government has communicated that it was not possible to accede to the State’s recommendation to grant minority religion status to Lingayat/Veerashaiva community as they are considered “a religious sect of Hindus.”
1. The demand for separate status by Lingayats and Veerashaivas has been considered earlier also and it was observed that Lingayats have always been classified under Hindu sect ever since 1871 census
2. If Lingayats/Veerashaivas were to be treated as a separate religion by providing separate code other than Hindu, all members of the Scheduled Caste professing the said religion would lose their status as SC along with the consequential benefits available them.
# National Unity• PM has announced National Unity Award on the lines of Padma awards. It would be given to any Indian who has contributed to national unity in any manner.