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Human Development

Opioid Overdose Crisis

Opioid Overdose Crisis


GS 3 ||Governance & Social Justice || Human Development  ||Health

What is it About:

  • Medicines which are ingredient with the opium content, are getting abused in rife all over the world, despite they come with a note of prescription.

What are Opioid:

  • Opioids, are a type of drug made from the opium, called Op, include semi-synthetic and synthetic opiates. They come with doctors’ prescriptions in pain relievers, such as heroine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, carfentanyl and tramadol.
  • Opioids also include prescription pain medications, such as morphine, hydrocodone and oxycodone (Oxycontin). They entail strong prescriptions of doctors in major injury or surgery. Usually in severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some doctors prescribe them for chronic pain.

Effects and Side-Effects:

  • Opioids can cause side effects such as drowsiness, mental fog, nausea, and constipation and slow breathing which may later into demise of the patient/person also if taken in overdose. Depressants are medications such as Xanax and Oxycontin, which can create feelings of sedation in users. They can also slow down or stop breathing
  • There are many reasons someone may take a prescription medication. We know these prescriptions are only safe when taken as directed by a medical professional for a specific health purpose, but for those who still choose to use outside of these conditions, there are some things to be aware of.
  • Opioid overdoses can be fatal and difficult to predict. The best prevention is to avoid opioid use unless explicitly prescribed to you with specific instructions by a medical professional.
  • Mixing any of these with other substances, including alcohol, can seriously increase the risk of negative effects and can be fatal in some cases. It is illegal to use prescription medications that were prescribed to someone else; doing so also may increase the risk of negative effects, as the actual contents of the medication vary from users to users.
  • To keep yourself, others and the environment safe, safely dispose of any unused prescription medication in the safe disposal box.
  • Mixing opioids, in particular, with alcohol or other medications with benzodiazepines can slow the respiratory system and stop breathing..
  • Underlying health problems, especially chronic lung diseases such as emphysema (lung condition that causes shortness of breath) or sleep apnea (serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts.), can slow the respiratory system even when the user is not aware they may have these underlying health problems.