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Human Development

Global Burden of Disease Report by Lancet

Global Burden of Disease Report by Lancet

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Highlights of the Report:

  • 26% of global premature deaths and disease burden are due to air pollution.
  • In India, 1/8th deaths happened because of ailments by air pollution. Air pollution infuses more risk of death than even smoking.
  • Average life expectancy – Life expectancy depends on some factors e.g. birth year, current age of the individual, demographic factor etc.
  • The reports highlights that average life expectancy would have been increased at least by 1.7 years higher if air pollution levels were less than the minimum level causing health loss.
  • Average exposure norms WHO recommends average exposure norms being at 10 micrograms per cubic meter for PM 2.5. In every state in India has way more than this recommendation.
  • National Ambient Air Quality – recommends the limit in India of PM (Particulate Matters) being at 40 micrograms per cubic meter. In India, it is four times higher than that of WHO. It clearly states that air quality in India is deleterious.

Way Forward:

  • Agricultural Sector –
  • Agriculture is in the State list of constitution of India. So, the central govt. and state govt. should work in coherence.
  • Improper mechanism to handle the agricultural wastes seldom leads to stubble burning.
  • Mechanism to collect the farm residues
  • Happy seeder machines should be frugally used. There should be auction to get the Happy Seeder machines to the farmers.
  • Rural Pollution – Intensive usage of biomass, biogas, solar cookers would reduce the pollution caused by solid fuels for cooking purposes, accounting mainly for indoor air pollution.
    LPG connections under the UJWALA Yojna also don’t reduce the solid fuels usage because of higher charges of refilling the gas cylinders.
  • Urban Pollution – By the use of cleaner fuels can alleviate the environment. Pollution caused by the traffic vehicles is one hornet’s nest in this scenario. Giving incentives on public transport can be a way.
  • Global Experiences – By WHO, 14 out 15 cities which are facing pollution belong to India. This emphasizes also to use proper policies. Cities like Mexico and Beijing can be exemplary in this area to take lessons from these cities