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Dharavi Redevelopment Project 2018

Dharavi Redevelopment Project 2018

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GS 3 ||Economy ||Infrastructure ||Housing

Why In News?

Maharashtra government recently launched a new initiative to redevelop Dharavi– one of the largest slums in the world.

Slum In India

  • A Slum, for the purpose of Census has been defined as residential areas where dwellings are unfit for human habitation .
  • Recently the Maharashtra government signed off on the latest initiative regarding slum development.
  • A special purpose vehicle with 80% private and 20% government stake to redevelop Dharavi as a whole rather than in separate sub-clusters as previously envisioned. In this light there is a need to assess the slum development strategies in India.

Dharavi

  • It’s home to over 60,000 to 70,000 families and in terms of demography, it wouldn’t be wrong to describe it as a mini-India.
  • It has several business units right from textiles to pottery and fabrication to the leather industry.
  • Plastic recycling and garbage segregation too is done here. It has an estimated 5,000 business entities and 15,000 single-room factories. Goods produced here go to Middle East, Southeast Asia, United States, Europe and several other places.
  • The slum has 28 temples, 11 mosques, 6 churches, 50 banks and 60 government schools and it also houses a mobile design museum, where people showcase their products.

Slums have high number of schedule caste and schedule tribes .

People in these area have low wages, hence they cannot afford homes.

Facts from Census 2011

The 2011 Census estimated 65 million people in slums, a marked shortfall from the UN-HABITAT’s 2014 estimation of 104 million.

33,510 total slums in India.

Only 13,761 slums  have been recognised by government.

  • 23% slums are in
  • 14% in Andhra Pradesh
  • 12% in Westbengal

Every fifth child whose age is between (0-6) lives in slum.

Reasons For Formation Of Slums

Slums are natural by-products of urbanisation, especially in a labour-surplus country like India.

Governments Approach towards Slum Re-development

Brazil-has a law that if any place is kept unused , anyone can accupy it.

India-Eviction Of Anuthorised Occupied Act 1971-In India we can’t occupy that any unused land.

Problems associated with the Slums

  • Sanitation
  • Low Income
  • Lack of basic civic services
  • Solid waste management

Environmentally fragile area are occupied by these (slum) people and  at the time of any natural calamities these are the only people who most affected by from it.

Way Forward

  • Administrative
  • Infrastructural-Providing house to them
  • Financial
  • Architectural