Governance & Social Justice
- Generic Only Model : Concepts and Concerns
- Consumer Protection Bill 2018 Passed By Lok Sabha
- Global Burden of Disease Report by Lancet
- Adivasis in Chhattisgarh & M.P.
- Menstrual Hygiene for Rural Women
- Global Nutrition Report 2018
- What Is Sextortion Law J&k
- Human Microbiome
- Tele-Robotic Surgery
- Prevention of Malaria’s Side Effects
- Opioid Overdose Crisis
- India To Give Bhutan Rs. 4500 Crore
- IMO’s New Rule for Oil
- G20 Summit 2018
- Geopolitical Importance of Island States
- Strengthening Of Boko Haram
- US China Trade War
- Why India Paying Iran with Rupees?
- Trans Regional Maritime Pact
- Trump’s Syria Withdrawal
- India will Give Maldives $1.4 Billion
- Australia Recognized West Jerusalem As Israeli Capital
- China Taiwan Relations Indepth analysis
- Shahpur Kandi Dam Project Get Approval
- Qatar Exit To OPEC
- Farm Loan Waivers Good or Bad?
- Issues with ultra mega power projects
- Importance of Soybean for Malwa Region
- What is Public Credit Registry ?
- Financial Literacy for Financial Inclusion, Jan Dhan Yojna
- Dharavi Redevelopment Project 2018
- Bogibeel Bridge
- Global Wage Report 2018
- RBI 5th Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy
- Direct Benefit Transfer for Electricity
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
- National Pension System
- Troubling Power Sector
- Train 18: Fastest Train in Nation
- Oxytocin Ban Removed
Defence & Security
Science & Technology
- Mission Gaganyaan Approved
- Ethanol Blending
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- Swaminathan Calls GM Crops A Failure
- China’s Change E-4 Mission
- 3D printing in Pharma sector
- Womb Transplant
- Supreme Court On Rafale Deal
- GSAT-7A Launched
- Saturn to Lose Its Rings
- ISRO’s Small Satellite Launch Vehicle
- Bharat Net Project
- Indian Navy gets Submarine Rescue System
- Transgenic Rise with Reduced Arsenic
- Global Hackathon on Artificial Intelligence
- Cheap Hydrogen Production
- NASA’s Insight Spacecraft
- Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti
- Life on Titan (Saturn’s Moon)
- What is COP 24 ?
- What is rat-hole mining
- Structural Reform for Decarbonising India
- Marine Vegetation To Mitigate Ocean Acidification
- Impact of Ocean Warming On Great Southern Reef
- What is Bio-Diversity Offsetting
- Atmospheric Iodine Will Destroy bad Ozone
- UN’S WMO : 2018 4th Hottest Year On Record
- Effects of Drugs Discharge into Yamuna river
Spice of the Month
GS 3 ||Economy ||Infrastructure ||Housing
Why In News?
Maharashtra government recently launched a new initiative to redevelop Dharavi– one of the largest slums in the world.
Slum In India
- A Slum, for the purpose of Census has been defined as residential areas where dwellings are unfit for human habitation .
- Recently the Maharashtra government signed off on the latest initiative regarding slum development.
- A special purpose vehicle with 80% private and 20% government stake to redevelop Dharavi as a whole rather than in separate sub-clusters as previously envisioned. In this light there is a need to assess the slum development strategies in India.
- It’s home to over 60,000 to 70,000 families and in terms of demography, it wouldn’t be wrong to describe it as a mini-India.
- It has several business units right from textiles to pottery and fabrication to the leather industry.
- Plastic recycling and garbage segregation too is done here. It has an estimated 5,000 business entities and 15,000 single-room factories. Goods produced here go to Middle East, Southeast Asia, United States, Europe and several other places.
- The slum has 28 temples, 11 mosques, 6 churches, 50 banks and 60 government schools and it also houses a mobile design museum, where people showcase their products.
Slums have high number of schedule caste and schedule tribes .
People in these area have low wages, hence they cannot afford homes.
Facts from Census 2011
The 2011 Census estimated 65 million people in slums, a marked shortfall from the UN-HABITAT’s 2014 estimation of 104 million.
33,510 total slums in India.
Only 13,761 slums have been recognised by government.
- 23% slums are in
- 14% in Andhra Pradesh
- 12% in Westbengal
Every fifth child whose age is between (0-6) lives in slum.
Reasons For Formation Of Slums
Slums are natural by-products of urbanisation, especially in a labour-surplus country like India.
Governments Approach towards Slum Re-development
Brazil-has a law that if any place is kept unused , anyone can accupy it.
India-Eviction Of Anuthorised Occupied Act 1971-In India we can’t occupy that any unused land.
Problems associated with the Slums
- Low Income
- Lack of basic civic services
- Solid waste management
Environmentally fragile area are occupied by these (slum) people and at the time of any natural calamities these are the only people who most affected by from it.
- Infrastructural-Providing house to them