Art & Culture
- Sexual Harassment Charges against Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi
- All You Need to know about Electoral Bonds
- Electoral Bonds controversy
- NaMo TV controversy
- General Elections 2019
- RBI Governor bats for a Permanent Status to Finance Commission
- PM Modi’s Mission Shakti Speech & Model Code of Conduct
- Sadhvi Pragya Thakur’s latest Controversy
- Rafale deal document controversy
- Should SC Judges be under RTI ambit?
- Supreme Court Judgement on Tainted Candidates
- VVPAT verification
Governance & Social Justice
- Candida Auris : Drug- resistant fungi
- Candida auris infection
- Healthcare System for India, Difference in USA & European healthcare model?
- Lateral Entry in Civil Services explained
- Model policy for Women in Police
- NIRF India Rankings 2019 declared
- Quality Assurance Scheme
- Sex on false promise of marriage is rape
- Survey 2019 Ambitions Beyond Growth report by UNESCAP
- World Health Statistics Overview 2019 report on Life Expectancy
- World Press Freedom Index 2019
- Supreme Court compensation order on Bilkis Bano case
- WHO guidelines on physical activity for children under 5 years of age
- Global Talent Competitive Index 2019
- Algeria Political Crisis
- EU’s new Copyright Law, Will it change Web Worldwide?
- India Pakistan Kartarpur Corridor Talks
- India to Become NATO Ally?
- Japan Starts a New Era
- Julian Assange Arrested
- Sudan Political Crisis
- Trump designates Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran
- United Nations Has to Pay India $38 Million
- US labels Revolutionary Guard of Iran a terror organisation
- US Mexico border wall controversy
- Why is UAE Important for India?
- Why is Chile Important for India?
- India Pakistan Conflict De-escalation Mechanisms
- India suspends cross LoC trade with Pakistan
- What is Arab Spring 2.0?
- India to stop buying Oil from Iran
- Trump withdraws from UN arms treaty
- Asian Development Outlook 2019
- China’s growth after slowdown
- Foreign Investment in India
- India’s 20th Livestock Census
- India’s transition to Renewable Energy from conventional sources
- Indian Army Builds The Longest Bridge of India Over Indus In Leh
- India Energy Modelling Forum by NITI Aayog & USAID
- National Common Mobility Card launched
- Rise and fall of Private Airlines in India
- Rise in Global Crude Oil prices & weakening Rupee
- Slowdown in Industrial Growth & rising Inflation
- Supreme Court order on EPFO
- Supreme Court quashes RBI’s 12 February Circular on NPA
- What are Junk Bonds?
- What is Fixed Maturity Plans?
- What is GDP deflator? Is it more comprehensive compared to WPI and CPI?
- What is Trader’s Credit Card Scheme?
- What is Wholesale Price Index?
- 1st Bimonthly Monetary Policy review – April 2019
- National Rubber Policy 2019
- Sensex hits 7 months high, History & Functions of Bombay Stock Exchange
- Supreme Court orders RBI on RTI
- What is Dedollarisation?
- Asian Tea Alliance
- Pepsico vs Farmers Issue
Defence & Security
Science & Technology
- Dhanush Artillery Guns
- Combat Casualty Drugs
- The Indian Museum of the Earth (TIME)
- EMISAT Satellite Launched
- Faster Adoption & Manufacturing of Hybrid & Electric
- First Ever Image of a Black Hole
- India to Buy MH60 Romeo Helicopters
- Nepal and Sri Lanka Launch Their First Satellites Raavana 1 & NepaliSat-1
- Nirbhay Missile Successfully Tested
- High Bacteriophages in Ganga River
- Army invokes Emergency Powers for Missile Deal
- Cell Based Meat
- INS Imphal Guided Missile Destroyer
- Draft Indian Forest Act 2019
- Gujarat Fishermen’s victory in US Supreme Court
- Humpback Mahseer Fish included in Critically Endangered list by IUCN
- India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)
- Jammu & Kashmir Environment Issues
- Madras High Court order on Chennai Salem Highway
- Monkey declared Vermin in Himachal Pradesh
- Neelakurinji Flower under Severe Threat
- Solar eWaste
- Special Postal Stamp on Ice Stupas released
- State of Global Climate report 2018
- What is Green Finance Ecosystem?
- Wind turbines are impacting ecology in Western Ghats
- All about Wild Food Plants
Spice of the Month
- GS 2 || Governance & Social Justice || Vulnerable Sections || Religious Minorities
Why in news?
- The Supreme Court ordered the Gujarat government to pay 2002 communal riots victim Bilkis Yakoob Rasool Bano 50 lakh as compensation, a government job and housing in the area of her choice.
- 2002 Gujarat riots: During the 2002 Gujarat riots, a group of rioters had raped her as well as two other women, and killed seven members of her family at Randhikpur village on March 3, 2002.
- The court noted that she had the misfortune of witnessing her daughter being smashed against a wall, as well as the devastation suffered by her family.
- She was also pregnant at the time of the incident.
- Further, the court was told that she was leading an itinerant, hand-to-mouth existence.
- Bano’s case is indeed a rare one:
- Criminal prosecution resulted in conviction and life sentences to 11 persons.
- The sentences were upheld by the Bombay High Court.
- Further, the court found deliberate inaction on the part of some police officers and that the autopsies were perfunctory and manipulated.
- In short, this is a concrete instance of state inaction and negligence that would normally justify the payment of a hefty compensation.
- Not every crime would have a similar set of circumstances. While convictions are not easy to come by in cases of mob violence, victim compensation may often be the only way to ensure some justice.
Supreme Court order
- Compensation: In ordering the Gujarat government to pay 50 lakh to Bilkis Yakoob Rasool Bano the Supreme Court has endeavoured to achieve restitutive justice.
- handing over the fine amounts paid by the accused as part of their sentence is one aspect of such justice;
- another aspect is for the court to ask the government to compensate the victim from its own coffers.
- It is in these circumstances that the Bench awarded her 50 lakh, besides asking the State government to provide her with a government job and a house.
- The Supreme Court has asked for the pension benefits of three police officers to be withdrawn.
- Compensation to victims is a relatively less recognised component of criminal justice.
- In a system that focusses mainly on the accused, an order of compensation is a recognition of the state’s obligation to victims of crime, especially horrific acts.
- Section 357A: The Code of Criminal Procedure was amended in 2008 to insert Section 357A under which every State government has to prepare a scheme to set up a fund from which compensation can be paid to victims of crime and their dependants who have suffered loss and injury and who may require rehabilitation.
- Central Victim Compensation Fund: The Centre has a Central Victim Compensation Fund.
- NALSA: On Supreme Court directions, the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has prepared a compensation scheme for women victims and survivors of sexual assault and other crimes.
- Many States have notified schemes on these lines.
- While on paper there is a mechanism to assess rehabilitation needs and pay compensation, there is a need to streamline the schemes and ensure that the compensation process is not done in an ad hoc manner, but is based on sound principles.
- The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 –
- to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society and
- to organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes.
- Centre: NALSA is located at New Delhi.
- State: In every State, State Legal Services Authority has been constituted –
- to give effect to the policies and directions of the NALSA and
- to give free legal services to the people and
- conduct Lok Adalats in the State.
- The State Legal Services Authority is headed by Hon’ble the Chief Justice of the respective High Court who is the Patron-in-Chief of the State Legal Services Authority.
- District: In every District, District Legal Services Authority has been constituted to implement Legal Services Programmes in the District.
- The District Legal Services Authority is situated in the District Courts Complex in every District and chaired by the District Judge of the respective district.
- Compensation to victims is a relatively less recognised component of criminal justice. Discuss.