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Sudan Political Crisis

Sudan Political Crisis

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  • GS 2 || International Relations  ||  India & Rest of the World  || Africa

Why in news ?

  • Sudan’s long-time president Omar al-Bashir has been removed from office and arrested following months of protests against Bashir’s regime. 

Details :

  • With this act three-decade rule of Sudanese president Omar Hassan al-Bashir has ended.
  • For the past four months, Sudan has been rocked by countrywide protests, leading to a military intervention last week which ejected Bashir from power, thereby ending his brutal 30-year rule. The protests have earned praise for employing peaceful methods.
  • Sudan has been engulfed by violence for more than a century, even while it was under the British-Egyptian colonial rule.
  • Since independence in 1956, the North African nation has seen sectarian violence, famines and political instability, the latest coup toppling Bashir being the fifth such forcible takeover.

Omar al-Bashir’s rule:

  • Omar al-Bashir became the country’s ruler in 1989 after he toppled a democratically-elected government.
  • After Bashir came to power, the country went on to adopt and enforce Saudi-sponsored orthodox Islam in Sudan.

The Sudan protests due to rise in Inflation:

  • In December 2018, enacting austerity measures recommended by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Sudan devalued its currency, the Sudanese Pound, and cut back on subsidies.
  • This led to a steep rise in inflation and food prices. The price rise in essential commodities sparked anger among the Sudanese people, who were already wary of Bashir’s autocratic rule.
  • Protests erupted in the eastern part of the country and soon reached the capital Khartoum.

What are the effects of hunger in Sudan?

  • Hunger anywhere can have long-term, debilitating consequences, but it can be particularly threatening during a complex crisis like the one in Sudan.
  • When people go hungry, they have trouble staying healthy and become more vulnerable to dangerous diseases, which is a weakness people sheltering in makeshift camps and communities can’t afford.
  • Their bodies are also not as strong or productive as they could be, which makes it difficult for them to work, find food and keep their families safe at a time when they urgently need the strength to do so.
  • Children’s development is also seriously impacted by hunger.
  • Without proper nutrition, they don’t hit critical developmental milestones, which can permanently inhibit their ability to learn and function for the rest of their lives.
  • Hungry children don’t learn as well, and they are also at a higher risk of disease.
  • According to UNICEF, more than 1 million children in Sudan are acutely malnourished, and 1 in 4 are stunted.