Art & Culture
- Sexual Harassment Charges against Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi
- All You Need to know about Electoral Bonds
- Electoral Bonds controversy
- NaMo TV controversy
- General Elections 2019
- RBI Governor bats for a Permanent Status to Finance Commission
- PM Modi’s Mission Shakti Speech & Model Code of Conduct
- Sadhvi Pragya Thakur’s latest Controversy
- Rafale deal document controversy
- Should SC Judges be under RTI ambit?
- Supreme Court Judgement on Tainted Candidates
- VVPAT verification
Governance & Social Justice
- Candida Auris : Drug- resistant fungi
- Candida auris infection
- Healthcare System for India, Difference in USA & European healthcare model?
- Lateral Entry in Civil Services explained
- Model policy for Women in Police
- NIRF India Rankings 2019 declared
- Quality Assurance Scheme
- Sex on false promise of marriage is rape
- Survey 2019 Ambitions Beyond Growth report by UNESCAP
- World Health Statistics Overview 2019 report on Life Expectancy
- World Press Freedom Index 2019
- Supreme Court compensation order on Bilkis Bano case
- WHO guidelines on physical activity for children under 5 years of age
- Global Talent Competitive Index 2019
- Algeria Political Crisis
- EU’s new Copyright Law, Will it change Web Worldwide?
- India Pakistan Kartarpur Corridor Talks
- India to Become NATO Ally?
- Japan Starts a New Era
- Julian Assange Arrested
- Sudan Political Crisis
- Trump designates Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran
- United Nations Has to Pay India $38 Million
- US labels Revolutionary Guard of Iran a terror organisation
- US Mexico border wall controversy
- Why is UAE Important for India?
- Why is Chile Important for India?
- India Pakistan Conflict De-escalation Mechanisms
- India suspends cross LoC trade with Pakistan
- What is Arab Spring 2.0?
- India to stop buying Oil from Iran
- Trump withdraws from UN arms treaty
- Asian Development Outlook 2019
- China’s growth after slowdown
- Foreign Investment in India
- India’s 20th Livestock Census
- India’s transition to Renewable Energy from conventional sources
- Indian Army Builds The Longest Bridge of India Over Indus In Leh
- India Energy Modelling Forum by NITI Aayog & USAID
- National Common Mobility Card launched
- Rise and fall of Private Airlines in India
- Rise in Global Crude Oil prices & weakening Rupee
- Slowdown in Industrial Growth & rising Inflation
- Supreme Court order on EPFO
- Supreme Court quashes RBI’s 12 February Circular on NPA
- What are Junk Bonds?
- What is Fixed Maturity Plans?
- What is GDP deflator? Is it more comprehensive compared to WPI and CPI?
- What is Trader’s Credit Card Scheme?
- What is Wholesale Price Index?
- 1st Bimonthly Monetary Policy review – April 2019
- National Rubber Policy 2019
- Sensex hits 7 months high, History & Functions of Bombay Stock Exchange
- Supreme Court orders RBI on RTI
- What is Dedollarisation?
- Asian Tea Alliance
- Pepsico vs Farmers Issue
Defence & Security
Science & Technology
- Dhanush Artillery Guns
- Combat Casualty Drugs
- The Indian Museum of the Earth (TIME)
- EMISAT Satellite Launched
- Faster Adoption & Manufacturing of Hybrid & Electric
- First Ever Image of a Black Hole
- India to Buy MH60 Romeo Helicopters
- Nepal and Sri Lanka Launch Their First Satellites Raavana 1 & NepaliSat-1
- Nirbhay Missile Successfully Tested
- High Bacteriophages in Ganga River
- Army invokes Emergency Powers for Missile Deal
- Cell Based Meat
- INS Imphal Guided Missile Destroyer
- Draft Indian Forest Act 2019
- Gujarat Fishermen’s victory in US Supreme Court
- Humpback Mahseer Fish included in Critically Endangered list by IUCN
- India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP)
- Jammu & Kashmir Environment Issues
- Madras High Court order on Chennai Salem Highway
- Monkey declared Vermin in Himachal Pradesh
- Neelakurinji Flower under Severe Threat
- Solar eWaste
- Special Postal Stamp on Ice Stupas released
- State of Global Climate report 2018
- What is Green Finance Ecosystem?
- Wind turbines are impacting ecology in Western Ghats
- All about Wild Food Plants
Spice of the Month
- GS 3 || Economy || Industries || Cottage Industries
- National Rubber Policy (NRP) envisages a well-developed value-chain of environmentally sustainable and globally competitive rubber industry, comprising natural and other forms of rubber and products thereof and ancillary sectors, capable of supplying materials and products of international standards to domestic and world markets, with focus on welfare of the entire stakeholder community and national economic progress.
- Sustainability: To promote overall sustainability of the Rubber Industry with respect to economic, social and environmental dimensions.
- Value chain: To provide required focus towards development of the entire Rubber Industry value chain from upstream production to downstream manufacturing activities.
- Area under cultivation: To strategize towards increase in area under Natural Rubber by new planting without causing any adverse impact on forests/natural ecosystems and food security.
- Productivity: To facilitate increase in average national rubber productivity through appropriate agro-management practices including systematic replanting and ensuring better income for the growers.
- Raw material requirement: To strategize towards meeting of raw material requirement of domestic industry through domestic production as far as possible.
- Quality of processed forms: To promote activities for ensuring quality of processed forms of NR at par with international standards.
- Exports: To promote the development of rubber product manufacturing sector and facilitate export of quality rubber products.
- Commercial plantation crop: Natural Rubber is a commercial plantation crop from the tree species, Hevea brasiliens is grown in tropical humid climatic conditions.
- Major producers and consumers: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, China and India are the major NR producers globally.
- The current world production and consumption of NR is around 12.40 million tonnes and 12.60 million tonnes respectively.
- The major NR consumers are China, India, USA, Japan, Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia.
- Strategic industrial raw material: Rubber is largely perceived as a strategic industrial raw material and accorded special status globally for defence, national security and industrial development.
- Major consuming countries keep strategic eserves of NR. Rubber is an internationally traded commodity and price of rubber is influenced interalia by trends in economic growth, production in major producing countries and demand in major consuming countries. Domestic NR prices generally follow the trends in the international market and is therefore, subjected to fluctuations in price.
- India is currently the sixth largest producer of NR in the world with one of the highest productivity (694,000 tonnes in 2017-18). The production capacity in India is around 900,000 tonnes, of which around 75% is tapped. Out of the total area under rubber in India of around 822,000 ha, 614500 ha is a mature yielding crop.
- Traditional and non-Traditional regions: Traditional rubber-growing states comprising Kerala and Tamil Nadu account for 81% of production.
- Major non-traditional rubber growing regions are the North Eastern states of Tripura, Assam and Meghalaya, Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra and West Bengal.
- Sheet rubber is the most preferred form of processing accounting for around 70% of processed rubber. Block rubber and latex comprise17% and 12% respectively of rubber production in the country.
- India is the 2nd largest consumer of NR globally with current consumption of around 1.1 million tonnes.
- Huge potential: NR is not a traditional export-oriented commodity, more so because of the current deficit in production. Export of NR happens to adjust temporary demand-supply imbalances in the NR domestic market. There is a huge export potential for rubber products in the country, which if promoted, shall indirectly increase the demand for domestic NR as also the export earnings. Export from rubber products was worth 20,915 crores in 2017-18.
- India is the 2nd largest consumer of NR globally with current consumption of around 1.1 million tonnes. Sheet rubber, block rubber and latex account for 47%, 43% and 8% respectively in NR consumption. Around 40% of the total NR consumption in India is at present met from import of rubber. 68% of NR consumption in India is in the automotive tyre sector.
Legal and Institutional Framework in India
- Rubber Act, 1947: The Rubber Act, 1947 provides for the development of the rubber industry under the control of the Union.
- Rubber Board: The Rubber Board, headquartered at Kottayam, Kerala, under the administration of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has been effectively supporting the rubber industry since seventy years by undertaking /assisting /encouraging scientific, technological and economic research, providing training on improved methods of planting, cultivation, manuring and spraying, giving technical advice to rubber growers, improving marketing of rubber, compilation of statistics etc.
- Considerable investment from the Central Government has been made in the last seventy years for providing financial support, advisory and regulatory services through the Rubber Board as per the requirement from time to time.
- Provisions of Central and State level legislations and rules thereof relating to taxation, forests, land use, environment, pollution etc are also applicable to rubber sector.
- Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): For promotion of rubber sector, Government of India has allowed 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in plantations of rubber, coffee, tea, cardamom, palm oil tree and olive oil tree.
- Examine whether the proposed National Policy on Rubber reflect the real concerns of all stakeholders in the sector and protects the livelihoods of rubber growers in the country.