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Question:  India’s role in Indo-Pacific goes beyond the traditional economic leadership. Explain in context of China’s growing presence in the region.

 

Answer:  India has been asserting its position in Indo-Pacific by getting involved in multiple activities and not just economic leadership. This has allowed change in perception about India as a reliable multi-role partner for countries.

India’s changing role in Indo-Pacific

  • Trade relations
    India is taking steps to improve trade relations with multiple countries in the region. This has strengthened the economic relations.
  • Infrastructure development
    India is helping countries to build quality infrastructure in their countries at lower cost. This has helped them achieve prosperity.
  • Disaster response
    India is the first responder during disaster in the region. It will help in rescuing citizens and also provide aid in the form of food and medicines.
  • Regional security
    Strengthening security of countries can be assured by building surveillance infrastructure. This will keep the region free from threats.

China’s growing presence

  • Belt Road Initiative
    The BRI is a multi-sectoral connectivity project to link Asia, Africa and Europe through road, shipping and airways. This route targets vulnerable island countries in Indo-Pacific.
  • Debt diplomacy
    China offers loans to small nations at high interest rates. When the countries are unable to pay, China occupies the region in form of long-term lease.

Neutralizing Chinese threats

  • Grouping of regional countries
    Countries of South Asia, Oceania and South-East Asia must come together to oppose Chinese presence. It can counter-balance hegemony.
  • Reduce economic dependence
    China’s economic might can be challenged by reducing economic dependence on it. This will be a prelude to economic boycott.

Thus, it is necessary that status-quo of Indo-Pacific is maintained. This is necessary for achieving world peace and prosperity.

Updated on 15 Sep 2021 |   Added on .15 Sep 2021  |  by admin