Question: Increased national wealth did not result in equitable distribution of its benefits. It has created only some “enclaves of modernity and prosperity for a small minority at the cost of the majority.” Justify.
Answer: National wealth of India has grown leaps and bounds in past few decades due to increase in development and growth. This indeed brought prosperity to the society but only partially. There are only some sections of people who have benefitted from the growth whereas the rest have been victims of unequal distribution of wealth.
Reasons for unequal distribution of wealth
- Unequal social conditions
When growth started to kick in people already on better footing made use of the opportunity to grow and improve their lives but people in the lower strata could not get the opportunity to improve their lives.
Ex: Educated individuals were able to corner most of the jobs whereas poorer and illiterate individuals continued their misery filled lives.
- Unequal distribution of power
To have a better life with growth and prosperity requires political powers which was not available to poorer sections. Due to this they missed the opportunity to influence policy making at the highest level.
Ex: Only a small number of backward leaders were successful in reaching the highest political levels of decision making.
- Social mindset
The societal mindset at the start of the development era was very reserved and conservative which still practiced exclusions overwhelmingly. This combined with taboo prevented backward sections to join mainstream and be a party to development.
The people left out of development are being brought into the scheme of things through positive measures, one being reservation. This has atleast given them a chance to improve their lives in a better way.