Question-2: “The Governor under the Constitution has no functions which he can discharge by himself: no functions at all.” Explain
Answer: The Governor is the head of the state under the constitution. The powers and functions are provided under Article 153 to Article 162 of the Indian Constitution. The position of the Governor is largely ceremonial.
Explanation of the statement
- Article 154(1) of the Constitution vests in the Governor the executive power of the State. The Governor exercises the power only under the advice of the state government.
- The Governor is appointed by the President of India and functions till the pleasure of the president. He/she is not elected by the people.
- The decisions taken by the Governor as the executive head of the state is influenced by the council of ministers. He has very little discretion of his own.
- The Governor has the discretion to appoint a person as the chief minister when no party gets majority in the assembly.
- The governor can send back bills to the assembly or forward it to the president on his/her own discretion.
The office of the Governor does not have enough powers to take executive actions. He/she is completely dependent on the council of ministers.
Thus, the Governor or the President is not personally responsible for their acts. It is the elected government that is responsible.
Tags: GS 2 (Polity and Governance)
By: Prashant Tiwari