Question-2: Diseases cannot be contained unless we provide good quality and adequate quantity of water. Explain this statement.
Answer: Water is the source for majority of diseases in the world. About 80 percent of wastewater flows back into the ecosystem without being treated or reused. People not having access to clean water are vulnerable to diseases.
Lack of clean drinking water
- About 70 percent of sewage is discharged into water bodies without any treatment due to the absence of cost-effective, sustainable, disruptive water management solutions.
- Improper water treatment plants and access to piped water makes people dependent on contaminated sources for drinking water needs.
- The result is that one in five children die before their fifth birthday because of poor sanitation and hygiene conditions.
Improving water quality
- Sewage treatment
Any waste from domestic household or factories should not be allowed to be discharged without proper treatment.
- Piped connection
Piped connection of water is devoid of impurities such as chemicals and biological waste that can be found in natural sources.
Preservation of both surface water bodies and groundwater resources is utmost important. It is essential to find and implement innovative ways of treating wastewater.
Thus, diseases cannot be contained unless we provide good quality and adequate quantity of water. This can be achieved by Jal Jeevan Mission, which aims to install functional household tap connections.
Tags: GS 3 ( Environmental pollution and degradation)
By – Prashant Tiwari