Question: Discuss the factors for localisation of agro-based food processing industries of North-west India.
Answer: Indian agro-based manufacturing industries have been heavily concentrated in farming heartlands of North-west due to various geographical, climatic and economic factors.
Factors responsible for localisation of agro-manufacturing industries
- Longer preservation period
The climate in North-western India is suitable for preserving food based products for a longer duration due to its cooler climates. Other parts of country including peninsular and eastern India are more humid and is not suitable for longetivity.
- Availability of raw product
For a industry to succeed, the raw materials should be easily available at a lower cost. The North-western part is suitable in this regard due to its primarily farm based economy.
- Readily available market
Large markets are available nearby for selling the manufactured products in this region due to higher population concentration. This will reduce cost of transportation as well as create for profits for the owners in a short duration.
- Cheap labour
Cheaper labour force will reduce operating costs of such industries quite drastically. Since there is easy availability of such human resource, this region has concentration of agro industries.
The region is marked with better connectivity to all major places nearby. The transportation can be conducted through both road and rail and hence is easy for marketing products as well as movement of raw materials.
Thus, we can observe that agro-based manufacturing can be profitable if above mentioned criterias are fulfilled. The localisation of these industries also indicate supportive policy initiatives by the respective state governments.