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Question:  Dadabhai Naoroji was the first true nationalist politician of modern India. Enumerate the role of Dadabhai Naoroji in India’s freedom struggle.


Answer:  Dadabhai Naoroji was a politician, freedom fighter and also a social reformer who played a major role in early phases of freedom struggle.

He is better known as ‘Grand Old Man of India’ for his long-lasting service to the country and the people.

Political contribution

  • Early political organizations
    Naoroji played a major role in setting up of early political organizations such as Bombay Association and also East India Association in London.
  • Co-founder of INC
    Naoroji took a keen interest in forming Indian National Congress. He also served as its President for three annual sessions.
  • Member of Parliament
    Naoroji contested elections from London to British Parliament and was the first MP of Asian descent. He fought for the rights of Indians.

Freedom struggle

  • Drain theory
    The ‘drain theory’ was proposed by Naoroji which gave an account of economic misrule by British in India. He wrote a book called Poverty and Un-British Rule in India.
  • Mentor
    Naoroji was a political mentor to new upcoming politicians and freedom fighters such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Mahatma Gandhi.

Social contributions

  • Parsi reform movement
    He established the Rahnumai Mazdayasan Sabha that aimed at reforming the Parsi religion and restoring it to past simplicity and purity.
  • Spiritual message
    He published the magazine Rast Goftar to spread the teachings of Zoroastrianism and promote Parsi social reforms.
Updated on 07 Sep 2021 |   Added on .07 Sep 2021  |  by admin