Question: “Corruption causes misuse of government treasury, administrative inefficiency and obstruction in the path of national development.” Discuss Kautilya’s views.
Answer: Corruption is a form of dishonesty or criminal offense undertaken by a person or organization entrusted with a position of authority, to acquire illicit benefit or abuse power for one’s private gain. It is one of the social vice that can reduce governance and cause failure of system.
How corruption causes governance collapse and reduce development
- Using government money for own benefits
The major form of corruption in individuals involved in government services is misappropriation of state funds in order to enrich themselves. The money that was intended for welfare of society instead reaches their personal account.
Ex: The Commonwealth games scandal in which individuals misused government funds to fill their pockets.
- Causing policy paralysis
The individuals in power use their position to prevent administrative files from moving forward demanding favours or bribe in return. Thus the individuals or society as a whole looses out on development, which would have been possible without corruption in between.
Ex: A clerk in revenue department demanding bribe in return for forwarding a file that allocates funds for a certain project.
- Increasing time duration in allocating resources
Individuals can purposefully increase the impediments in getting a work done in order to get something back in return. This will make governance process more complex and create administrative inefficiency.
Ex: A government officers will have to undertake the standard procedures as fast as possible under normal circumstances. Their purposeful delay will create delay in administration.
Thus, corruption indeed is a very big nuisance in every part of the world that hampers economic growth, reduces administrative efficiency and causes delay in development.